Fluid balance in ruminants: adaptation to external and internal challenges.

@article{Olsson2005FluidBI,
  title={Fluid balance in ruminants: adaptation to external and internal challenges.},
  author={Kerstin Olsson},
  journal={Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences},
  year={2005},
  volume={1040},
  pages={156-61}
}
  • Kerstin Olsson
  • Published 2005 in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Ruminants are widespread in hot, arid regions. This demands adaptation to large circadian temperature fluctuations and recurrent periods of food and water shortage. Pregnancy and lactation add to the demands on the adaptive mechanisms due to the greater need for food, water, and electrolytes. The blood volume increases to meet the requirements of the fetoplacental unit and the mammary glands. Unlike urine, the milk cannot be concentrated by antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin). During water… CONTINUE READING

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