Fluctuations in heat engines

  title={Fluctuations in heat engines},
  author={Viktor Holubec and Artem Ryabov},
  journal={Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical},
  • V. Holubec, A. Ryabov
  • Published 31 July 2021
  • Physics
  • Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
At the dawn of thermodynamics, Carnot’s constraint on efficiency of heat engines stimulated the formulation of one of the most universal physical principles, the second law of thermodynamics. In recent years, the field of heat engines acquired a new twist due to enormous efforts to develop and describe microscopic machines based on systems as small as single atoms. At microscales, fluctuations are an inherent part of dynamics and thermodynamic variables such as work and heat fluctuate. Novel… 
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