Fluctuations in Pedestrian Evacuation Times: Going One Step Beyond the Exit Capacity Paradigm for Bottlenecks

@article{Nicolas2019FluctuationsIP,
  title={Fluctuations in Pedestrian Evacuation Times: Going One Step Beyond the Exit Capacity Paradigm for Bottlenecks},
  author={Alexandre Nicolas},
  journal={Traffic and Granular Flow '17},
  year={2019}
}
For safety reasons, it is important that the design of buildings and public facilities comply with the guidelines compiled in building codes.The latter are often premised on the concept of exit capacity, \emph{i.e.}, the mean pedestrian flow rate through a bottleneck (at congestion). Here, we argue that one should duly take into account the evacuation time fluctuations when devising these guidelines. This is particularly true when the narrowing isabrupt and the crowd may behave competitively… 

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