Flower Constancy, Insect Psychology, and Plant Evolution

@article{Chittka1999FlowerCI,
  title={Flower Constancy, Insect Psychology, and Plant Evolution},
  author={Lars Chittka and James D. Thomson and Nickolas M Waser},
  journal={Naturwissenschaften},
  year={1999},
  volume={86},
  pages={361-377}
}
Abstract Individuals of some species of pollinating insects tend to restrict their visits to only a few of the available plant species, in the process bypassing valuable food sources. The question of why this flower constancy exists is a rich and important one with implications for the organization of natural communities of plants, floral evolution, and our understanding of the learning processes involved in finding food. Some scientists have assumed that flower constancy is adaptive per se… 
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TLDR
Little is known about why floral displays consist of so many elements, and researchers studying topics as diverse as sexual selection, warning displays, animal learning, and animal learning contrast with progress in other areas.
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TLDR
The long-lasting coevolution between flowering plants and associate pollinators has made both partners intimately connected and reciprocally dependent on one another, and pollinators’ capability to value options and make economic decisions is undoubtedly rooted in their extraordinary behavioral and cognitive plasticity.
Host Plant Constancy in Ovipositing Manduca sexta
TLDR
It is shown that female hawkmoths (Manduca sexta), after having oviposited on a given plant species only once, indeed will prefer this plant in future oviposition choices, and it is suggested that, as shown for flower constancy, Ovipositing moths increase their handling efficiency by targeting those host plants they have already experienced.
How many species of arthropods visit flowers?
  • C. Wardhaugh
  • Environmental Science
    Arthropod-Plant Interactions
  • 2015
TLDR
An overview of the taxonomic range of flower-visiting invertebrates is presented and it is speculated, based on reviewing the literature and discussions with experts, that ~30 % of arthropod species may regularly utilise flowers to feed, find a mate, or acquire other resources.
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