Flow rates and warming efficacy with Hotline and Ranger blood/fluid warmers.

@article{Horowitz2004FlowRA,
  title={Flow rates and warming efficacy with Hotline and Ranger blood/fluid warmers.},
  author={Peter E Horowitz and Miguel A Delagarza and Jaime J Pulaski and Robert Andrew Smith},
  journal={Anesthesia and analgesia},
  year={2004},
  volume={99 3},
  pages={788-92, table of contents}
}
The heating capabilities of a water bath blood/fluid warmer, Hotline, have proven superior to those of other devices. The dry heat warmer Ranger has not previously been compared with the Hotline. We evaluated these devices in terms of flow rates and efficacy of warming. We delivered room temperature (21 degrees C) saline and 10 degrees C packed red blood cells (RBCs) by using 90 mm Hg (gravity equivalent) and 300 mm Hg bag pressure and various sizes of IV catheters. The outflow from each device… CONTINUE READING