Accurate detection and quantitation of fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) is critical to the obstetric management of rhesus D alloimmunization in Rh-negative pregnant women. The flow cytometry is based on the detection of fetal red blood cells using a monoclonal anti-HbF antibody, and is the method most indicated for this estimation. The objective of this study was to quantify fetal red blood cell levels of pregnant women using flow cytometry. We analyzed 101 peripheral blood samples from Rh-negative and Rh-positive women, whose mean age was 24 years (20-32 years), after vaginal delivery or cesarean section. Our study showed that 53% of pregnant women had fetal red blood cells levels <2.0 mL, 31% between 2.0-3.9 mL, 16% between 4.0-15.0 mL, and 1% >15.0 mL. Accurate quantitation of fetal red blood cells is necessary to determine the appropriate dose of anti-D (RHD) immunoglobulin to be administered to pregnant or postpartum women.