Floristic diversity in the Cape Flora of South Africa

@article{Goldblatt2004FloristicDI,
  title={Floristic diversity in the Cape Flora of South Africa},
  author={Peter Goldblatt},
  journal={Biodiversity \& Conservation},
  year={2004},
  volume={6},
  pages={359-377}
}
  • P. Goldblatt
  • Published 1 March 1997
  • Environmental Science
  • Biodiversity & Conservation
Comprising a land area of ca 90000 km2, less than 4% of the total land area for the Southern African subcontinent, the Cape Floristic Province is one of the world's richest areas in terms of botanical diversity for its size. An estimated 8650 species of vascular plants occur in this area, about 65% of which are endemic. This is about 42% of the estimated total for all of southern Africa. The number of species packed into so small an area is remarkable for the temperate zone, and compares… 
Plant Diversity of the Cape Region of Southern Africa
TLDR
Species richness of the Cape flora is hypothesized to be the result of geographic and parapatric radiation in an area with a mosaic of different habitats due to local soil, climate, and altitudinal differences that combine to produce steep ecological gradients.
The radiation of the Cape flora, southern Africa
  • H. Linder
  • Environmental Science
    Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
  • 2003
TLDR
There is a great need for experimental testing of the proposed speciation mechanisms, more molecular clock estimates of the age and pattern of the radiations, and more fossil evidence bearing on the past climates.
The evolution of African plant diversity
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    Front. Ecol. Evol.
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It is argued that six floras, with distinct geographical centres, different extra-African affinities, ages of radiation and radiation rates, can be delimited: the Austro-temperate, Tropic-alpine, Lowland forest,tropic-montane, Savanna and Arid Floras.
Evolution of the species-rich Cape flora.
  • H. Linder, C. Hardy
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
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TLDR
A phylogenetic analysis of an almost complete species sample of the largest clade of Restionaceae, the third largest Cape clade, indicates that the radiation of the Restion Families started between 20 and 42 Myr ago, and since then there were no, or at most gradual, changes in the speciation rate in this clade.
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Pentaschistis (Poaceae) diversity in the Cape mediterranean region: habitat heterogeneity and climate stability
Aim To evaluate the role of habitat heterogeneity on species richness and turnover in the mega species-rich Cape Floristic Region (Cape), the mediterranean region of southern Africa. Location The
Montane Refugia for Endemic and Red Listed Dragonflies in the Cape Floristic Region Biodiversity Hotspot
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Continental scale patterns of biodiversity: can higher taxa accurately predict African plant distributions?
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Higher taxa appear to provide a powerful and accurate tool that can be used to predict large scale patterns of species biodiversity in Sub-Saharan Africa, however care must be taken when using taxa higher than genera, especially if selecting areas of highest conservation priority.
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