Floral Phenylpropanoid Cocktail and Architecture of Bulbophyllum vinaceum Orchid in Attracting Fruit Flies for Pollination

@article{Tan2006FloralPC,
  title={Floral Phenylpropanoid Cocktail and Architecture of Bulbophyllum vinaceum Orchid in Attracting Fruit Flies for Pollination},
  author={Keng-hong Tan and Lin Tze Tan and Ritsuo Nishida},
  journal={Journal of Chemical Ecology},
  year={2006},
  volume={32},
  pages={2429-2441}
}
It is widely believed that most orchid flowers attract insects by using deception or chemical rewards in the form of nectar. Flowers of Bulbophyllum vinaceum produce a large array of phenylpropanoids that lure tephritid fruit fly males and also act as floral reward, which the flies subsequently convert to pheromone components. The major floral volatile components identified are methyl eugenol (ME), trans-coniferyl alcohol (CF), 2-allyl-4,5-dimethoxphenol (DMP), and trans-3,4-dimethoxycinnamyl… 
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Monitor and compared temporal changes in the accumulation profiles of these phenylpropanoids by the two sibling species, with male rectal glands being individually excised at different time intervals from 15 minutes to 20 days after initial ME feeding and analysed quantitatively.
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Phenylpropenes: Occurrence, Distribution, and Biosynthesis in Fruit.
  • R. Atkinson
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    Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
  • 2018
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Genes involved in the biosynthesis of phenylpropenes have been characterized and manipulated in strawberry and apple, which has validated the importance of these compounds to fruit aroma and may help elucidate other functions for phenyl Propenes in fruit.
Zingerone in the Flower of Passiflora maliformis Attracts an Australian Fruit Fly, Bactrocera jarvisi (Tryon)
TLDR
The attraction of male B. jarvisi to P. maliformis flowers is most readily explained by the presence of zingerone in these flowers, although compositions varied markedly amongst the flower parts.
Comparison of phenylpropanoid volatiles in male rectal pheromone gland after methyl eugenol consumption, and molecular phylogenetic relationship of four global pest fruit fly species: Bactrocera invadens, B. dorsalis, B. correcta and B. zonata
TLDR
The phylogenetic analyses of the four Bactrocera species by comparing nucleotide sequences in the mitochondrial genes showed that B. invadens clearly belonged to the same clade as B. dorsalis, and the two putative sibling species are considered as the same biological species, and certainly not distinct.
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