Flora and Vegetation of Afghanistan

@inproceedings{Breckle2007FloraAV,
  title={Flora and Vegetation of Afghanistan},
  author={Siegmar-W. Breckle},
  year={2007}
}
Afghanistan is a very mountainous country. It offers a big variety of ecological conditions, this means a big variety of vegetation types is covering land surface. These vegetation types are exhibiting a high biodiversity, since the floristic influence from various neighbour regions is a considerable factor in floristic and vegetation pattern. Afghanistan lies at the “crossroad” of several biogeographical regions. Afghanistan is a very dry country with scarce rainfalls but again very varying… Expand

Figures from this paper

The Hindu Kush/Afghanistan
Afghanistan is a mountainous country in C Asia with connections to S Asia. The main mountain ranges are the Hindu Kush with several partly isolated ranges, which diverge from NE to the W and SW. DeepExpand
The Pamir-Alai Mountains (Middle Asia: Tajikistan)
The Pamir-Alai Mountains are extremely diverse in terms of climate, landscape and habitat conditions. With one of the largest altitudinal amplitudes in the world, long gradients of precipitation andExpand
Halophytes and Saline Vegetation of Afghanistan, a Potential Rich Source for People
Arid countries are faced with the accumulation of soluble ions in soils by a high rate of evaporation. Under arid climatic conditions the prevailing upstream water transport in soils leads to an ionExpand
Plant Biogeography and Vegetation of High Mountains of Central and South-West Asia
The Pamir-Alai Mountains are extremely diverse in terms of climate, landscape and habitat conditions. With one of the largest altitudinal amplitudes in the world, long gradients of precipitation andExpand
Soils and Vegetation In extremis
In Afghanistan both the vegetation and the soil that it grows on are formed and controlled by a strong climate that ranges in extremes from high altitude, cold alpine ice and tundra, down throughExpand
Grasslands and Shrublands of the Middle East and the Caucasus
Abstract The Middle East and the Caucasus grasslands and shrublands host a high diversity of habitats, species and land management practices. It is the homeland of the earliest agriculture and manyExpand
Highland Rangelands of Afghanistan : Significance , Management Issues , and Strategies
Approximately 70-85% of Afghanistan’s territory is used as rangelands. The rangelands in the Central Highlands of Afghanistan form the major summer pastures for a great number of livestock and areExpand
Vegetation of the Temperate High Mountains
Most of the high mountains including the tallest ones on Earth are located in the temperate ecozones. High mountain vegetation is particularly diverse due to the variation in relief, bedrock andExpand
Rangeland management and conservation in Afghanistan
Over the last nine years, substantial investments in the agricultural development of Afghanistan were made a key element of the international peace building operation. These efforts will fall shortExpand
The subnival–nival vascular plant species of Iran: a unique high-mountain flora and its threat from climate warming
This study provides a first country-wide overview of the vertical distribution patterns and the chorology of vascular plant species that occur in the uppermost elevation zones in Iran. The currentExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 95 REFERENCES
Biodiversity and phytogeography of the alpine flora of Iran
Iran is a mountainous country. Zagros and Alborz mountains reach altitudes of more than 4,000 m. Alpine regions are above timber-line, which is not easy to recognize, since aridity is prominent inExpand
Klima und pelanzenverbreitung in Afghanistan
  • O. Volk
  • Geography, Biology
  • Vegetatio
  • 2004
TLDR
Author spent three years in Afghanistan and gives in fig. 1 a sketch of the regionisation according to vegetation, climate, and agronomy (dry farming) and short characterizations of the vegetation of the different provinces are given. Expand
The Upper Timberline in the Himalayas, Hindu Kush and Karakorum: a Review of Geographical and Ecological Aspects
Based on comprehensive evaluations and analyses of existing literature and data sources, a review of geographical and ecological aspects of the upper timberline in the Himalayan mountain system isExpand
Afghanische Pflanzengesellschaften
In a region where transpiration amounts to about 7 times the average of precipitation per annum, mesophilic and hydrophilic plant-communities are limited to habitats where either the ground isExpand
Über ökologische Beziehungen zwischen Steppenpflanzen und alpinen Elementen
Summary Steppe plants grow in Central Europe on dry sites at low altitudes while alpine plants are found in humid cold regions of high mountaills. In Middle Asia with an extreme continental and aridExpand
Osmotische Verhältnisse und Zuckergehalte im Jahresgang bei Bäumen Ost-Afghanistans
TLDR
Near the western limit of the distributional area the frost conditions during winter time seem to be the most important ecological factor, more important than drought during summer. Expand
Studies on halophytes from Iran and Afghanistan. II * Ecology of halophytes along salt gradients
TLDR
The halophytic communities of Iran and Afghanistan are rich in species compared with similar communities in S Europe or in N America, and the main phytochemical types which develop are partly correlated with conventional taxonomic units. Expand
Distribution and ecology ofCystopteris (Athyriaceae) species within the Flora Iranica region
  • S. Breckle
  • Biology
  • Plant Systematics and Evolution
  • 2004
TLDR
The distribution of Cystopteris fragilis and C. dickieana in Afghanistan within the Flora Iranica region is studied and polyploidism and spore-size classes are briefly mentioned as well as possible ecological adaptations. Expand
Global biodiversity: status of the earth's living resources.
Part 1 Biological diversity: Systematics and diversity - genetic diversity, systematics and diversity, species concepts, species inventory Species diversity - an introduction, microorganisms, lowerExpand
Arctic and alpine biodiversity: patterns, causes and ecosystem consequences.
TLDR
A synthesis of the patterns, causes and consequences of biodiversity in cold-dominated ecosystems is presented, emphasising the interaction between historical and contemporary factors in governing biodiversity. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...