Flooding or drought which one is more offensive on pepper physiology and growth?

@article{Masoumi2021FloodingOD,
  title={Flooding or drought which one is more offensive on pepper physiology and growth?},
  author={Zeinab Masoumi and Maryam Haghighi and Seyed Amir Hossein Jalali},
  journal={Molecular biology reports},
  year={2021}
}
Both extreme usage of water in agriculture i.e., drought and flooding affect physiological and growth aspects of the plant as well as gene expression undertaken in water absorption. These affect depend on the stress duration i.e., shock or gradual stress exposer. The factorial experiment based on CRD with 10 replicates was conducted to investigate the physiological and water relation as well as aquaporin expression in (Capsicum annuum L.). Drought stress was applied gradually from - 2, - 3, - 4… 
2 Citations
Physiological Comparison of Wheat and Maize Seedlings Responses to Water Stresses
The aim of the study was to investigate specific responses of spring wheat (C3 photosynthesis) and maize (C4 photosynthesis) to drought and flooding stress. Analyses of water content, gas exchange

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 38 REFERENCES
Plant drought stress: effects, mechanisms and management
TLDR
The effects of drought stress on the growth, phenology, water and nutrient relations, photosynthesis, assimilate partitioning, and respiration in plants, and the mechanism of drought resistance in plants on a morphological, physiological and molecular basis are reviewed.
Drought-stress effects on physiology, growth and biomass production of rainfed and irrigated bell pepper plants in the Mediterranean region
TLDR
It is suggested that bell pepper growth without supplemental irrigation over the first part of the vegetative cycle does not impair plant growth and may even be useful to improve yield of early fruit.
Hormonal and Physiological Responses of Gerbera jamesonii to Flooding Stress
TLDR
The results suggest that ABA and CK may act as signals of flooding stress in Gerbera, and the marked intolerance of gerbera to flooding could be a serious barrier to its culture under anaerobic conditions, and hence careful irrigation management is required.
Responses of pepper to waterlogging stress
TLDR
This study strongly suggests that pepper species should crossbreed with other species and wild pepper to expand genetic diversity, enlarge genetic distance, promote production, and improve the resistance to adverse environments.
The effect of drought and ultraviolet radiation on growth and stress markers in pea and wheat
TLDR
The physiological and biochemical parameters measured indicate the UV-B light has stronger stress effectors than drought on the growth of seedlings of both species.
Bottom-cold stress was less harmful than cold-air stress on tomato seedling production treated with boric acid
Boron is beneficial element can help plants face chilling stress. This research was arranged using factorial experiment based on randomized complete block design on Lycopersicon esculentum var.
...
...