Flood Basalts and Hot-Spot Tracks: Plume Heads and Tails

@article{Richards1989FloodBA,
  title={Flood Basalts and Hot-Spot Tracks: Plume Heads and Tails},
  author={Mark A. Richards and Robert A. Duncan and Vincent Courtillot},
  journal={Science},
  year={1989},
  volume={246},
  pages={103 - 107}
}
Continental flood basalt eruptions have resulted in sudden and massive accumulations of basaltic lavas in excess of any contemporary volcanic processes. The largest flood basalt events mark the earliest volcanic activity of many major hot spots, which are thought to result from deep mantle plumes. The relative volumes of melt and eruption rates of flood basalts and hot spots as well as their temporal and spatial relations can be explained by a model of mantle plume initiation: Flood basalts… 
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Chapter 2 Plumes and Hotspots 2 . 1
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The plate tectonic processes adequately explain two principal types of basaltic volcanism on the earth’s surface, the mid-oceanic ridge and island arc volcanism. Apart from these, another important
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