Flightlessness and the energetic cost of wing molt in a large sea duck.

  title={Flightlessness and the energetic cost of wing molt in a large sea duck.},
  author={Magella M Guillemette and David Pelletier and Jean-Marc Grandbois and Patrick J. Butler},
  volume={88 11},
Although the replacement of feathers apparently represents the major event of somatic production in the annual cycle of wild birds, knowledge about the energetics of molt has always been hampered by logistical and technical difficulties, which are exacerbated by the fact that birds are able to compensate behaviorally to buffer any variation in energy demand. During wing molt, sea ducks (Mergini) and other diving birds lose all of their wing feathers at once, leading to a period of temporary… CONTINUE READING
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