Flight attendant radiation dose from solar particle events.

  title={Flight attendant radiation dose from solar particle events.},
  author={Jeri L Anderson and Christopher Jay Mertens and Barbara Grajewski and Lian Luo and Chih-yu Tseng and Rick T. Cassinelli},
  journal={Aviation, space, and environmental medicine},
  volume={85 8},
INTRODUCTION Research has suggested that work as a flight attendant may be related to increased risk for reproductive health effects. Air cabin exposures that may influence reproductive health include radiation dose from galactic cosmic radiation and solar particle events. This paper describes the assessment of radiation dose accrued during solar particle events as part of a reproductive health study of flight attendants. METHODS Solar storm data were obtained from the National Oceanic and… 

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

Analysis of Exposure to Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiations of Flights Representative of the European International Air Traffic
Ambient dose equivalent during flights was investigated during quiet solar periods and extreme solar flare events, and dose values vary drastically during ground level enhancement events, with the route path (latitude, longitude and altitude) and the phasing of the solar event.
Atmospheric Cosmic-Ray Variation and Ambient Dose Equivalent Assessments Considering Ground Level Enhancement Thanks to Coupled Anisotropic Solar Cosmic Ray and Extensive Air Shower Modeling
Doses induced by extreme GLE events were investigated specifically for London to New York flights, and resulting additional doses are a few hundred or 1,000 μSv, impacting significantly the annual effective dose, highlighting the importance of monitoring extreme solar events and using realistic semi-empirical and particle transport methods for reliable calculation of dose levels.
Miscarriage Among Flight Attendants
Miscarriage was associated with flight attendant work during sleep hours and high physical job demands and may be associated with cosmic radiation exposure.
Effects of Radiation on Neurite Morphology and Cytoskeleton Structure
Long-term manned space exploration to the moon, Mars, and other areas beyond Earth's protective magnetic field poses possible acute and late central nervous systems (CNS) risks. Of particular concern
Risk management of free radicals involved in air travel syndromes by antioxidants
  • Jeum-Nam Kim, B. Lee
  • Medicine
    Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part B, Critical reviews
  • 2018
ABSTRACT Frequent air travelers and airplane pilots may develop various types of illnesses. The environmental risk factors associated with air travel syndromes (ATS) or air travel–related adverse
Physiological Aspects of Female Fertility: Role of the Environment, Modern Lifestyle, and Genetics.
  • R. Hart
  • Biology, Medicine
    Physiological reviews
  • 2016
There are several genetic influences that may limit the number of oocytes within the ovary; consequently, by postponing attempts at childbearing, a limitation of oocyte number may become evident, whereas in previous generations with earlier conception this potentially reduced reproductive life span did not manifest in infertility.
= 40) при комбинированном воздействии ио-низирующей радиации в дозе 10, 15 Гр и света (3500 лк, 48 ч). Реакции гематоретинального барьера при облучении ионизирующей радиацией и их комбинацией со


Geomagnetic influence on aircraft radiation exposure during a solar energetic particle event in October 2003
[1] We present initial results from the Nowcast of Atmospheric Ionizing Radiation for Aviation Safety (NAIRAS) model during the Halloween 2003 superstorm. The objective of NAIRAS is to produce
Assessment of aircrew radiation exposure by further measurements and model development.
The semi-empirical models have been applied to predict the annual and career exposure of a flight crew member using actual flight roster data, accounting for contributions from galactic radiation and several solar energetic-particle events over the period 1973-2002.
The radiation in the atmosphere during major solar particle events
Abstract Major solar particle events can give rise to greatly enhanced radiation throughout the entire atmosphere including at aircraft altitudes. These particle events are very hard to predict and
Radiation dose estimation for epidemiologic studies of flight attendants.
An algorithm to generate from work histories the required input data for Federal Aviation Administration radiation estimation software and evaluated whether effects of cumulative radiation dose could be distinguished analytically from effects of circadian rhythm disruption.
Galactic and solar radiation exposure to aircrew during a solar cycle.
A Predictive Code for Aircrew Radiation Exposure (PCAIRE) has been further developed for estimation of the route dose from galactic cosmic radiation exposure, provided in units of ambient dose equivalent as well as effective dose.
History of the solar particle event radiation doses on-board aeroplanes using a semi-empirical model and Concorde measurements.
The semi-empirical model is applied to evaluate, for most exposed routes, the radiation doses corresponding to the GLEs observed since 1942 with ion chambers or neutron monitors, and guidelines are suggested concerning possible alerts to the aeroplanes in case of events of exceptional magnitude.
Validation of modelling the radiation exposure due to solar particle events at aircraft altitudes.
The European research project CONRAD, WP6, Subgroup-B, is described about the current status of available solar storm measurements and existing models for dose estimation at flight altitudes during solar particle events leading to ground level enhancement (GLE).
Modelling of radiation exposure at high altitudes during solar storms.
A transport code analysis using Monte Carlo N-Particle eXtended code, MCNPX, has been used to propagate an extrapolated particle spectrum based on satellite measurements through the atmosphere to
In its 1990 recommendation regarding occupational exposure during pregnancy, the International Commission on Radiological Protection apparently assumed that the equivalent dose to a pregnant woman's