Flies Evade Looming Targets by Executing Rapid Visually Directed Banked Turns

@article{Muijres2014FliesEL,
  title={Flies Evade Looming Targets by Executing Rapid Visually Directed Banked Turns},
  author={Florian T. Muijres and Michael J. Elzinga and Johan M. Melis and Michael H. Dickinson},
  journal={Science},
  year={2014},
  volume={344},
  pages={172-177}
}
Avoiding predators is an essential behavior in which animals must quickly transform sensory cues into evasive actions. Sensory reflexes are particularly fast in flying insects such as flies, but the means by which they evade aerial predators is not known. Using high-speed videography and automated tracking of flies in combination with aerodynamic measurements on flapping robots, we show that flying flies react to looming stimuli with directed banked turns. The maneuver consists of a rapid body… CONTINUE READING
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