Flexible mechanisms: the diverse roles of biological springs in vertebrate movement.

@article{Roberts2011FlexibleMT,
  title={Flexible mechanisms: the diverse roles of biological springs in vertebrate movement.},
  author={Thomas J Roberts and Emanuel Azizi},
  journal={The Journal of experimental biology},
  year={2011},
  volume={214 Pt 3},
  pages={353-61}
}
The muscles that power vertebrate locomotion are associated with springy tissues, both within muscle and in connective tissue elements such as tendons. These springs share in common the same simple action: they stretch and store elastic strain energy when force is applied to them and recoil to release energy when force decays. Although this elastic action is simple, it serves a diverse set of functions, including metabolic energy conservation, amplification of muscle power output, attenuation… CONTINUE READING