Flexible Representative Democracy: An Introduction with Binary Issues

@inproceedings{Abramowitz2019FlexibleRD,
  title={Flexible Representative Democracy: An Introduction with Binary Issues},
  author={Ben Abramowitz and Nicholas Mattei},
  booktitle={IJCAI},
  year={2019}
}
We introduce Flexible Representative Democracy (FRD), a novel hybrid of Representative Democracy (RD) and Direct Democracy (DD), in which voters can alter the issue-dependent weights of a set of elected representatives. In line with the literature on Interactive Democracy, our model allows the voters to actively determine the degree to which the system is direct versus representative. However, unlike Liquid Democracy, FRD uses strictly non-transitive delegations, making delegation cycles… 

Figures from this paper

Liquid Democracy: An Algorithmic Perspective
TLDR
It is shown that local delegation mechanisms, which only take the local neighborhood of each voter as input (and, arguably, capture the spirit of liquid democracy), cannot provide the foregoing guarantee, and design a non-local delegation mechanism that does provably outperform direct voting under mild assumptions about voters.
The Convergence of Iterative Delegations in Liquid Democracy
TLDR
This paper study the stability of the delegation process in liquid democracy and model it as a game in which the players are the voters and the strategies are possible delegations, enabling it to answer several questions on the equilibria of this process under general preferences and several types of restricted preferences.
Proxy selection in transitive proxy voting
TLDR
This paper proposes a new social choice-theoretic model of liquid democracy, which is distinguished by taking a richer formal perspective on the process by which a voter chooses a proxy, and explores the topic of manipulation in transitive proxy votes.
Incorporating Preference Information into Formal Models of Transitive Proxy Voting
This thesis is concerned with giving a computational social choice-theoretic model of transitive proxy voting. Transitive proxy voting (or ‘liquid democracy’) is a novel form of collective decision
Approval Voting & Majority Judgement in Weighted Representative Democracy
TLDR
It is shown that if the size of the electorate is very large, then with very high probability, the decisions made by the legislature will be the same as the decisions that would have been reached by a direct democracy, as decided by the corresponding simple (unweighted) voting rules.
Representative Committees of Peers
TLDR
It is demonstrated that the k-sortition is the worst-case optimal rule within a broad family of committee-based rules that take into account metric information about the preference profile of the whole population.
Weighted Representative Democracy
We propose a new system of democratic representation. Any voter can choose any legislator as her representative; thus, different legislators can represent different numbers of voters. Decisions in
Representative Proxy Voting
TLDR
A model of proxy voting where the candidates, voters, and proxies are all located on the real line, and instead of voting directly, each voter delegates its vote to the closest proxy is studied, showing that for candidates located on a line, an optimal proxy arrangement can be computed in polynomial time.
Vote Delegation with Unknown Preferences
TLDR
It is shown that free delegation favors minorities, that is, alternatives that have a lower chance of winning ex-ante under free and capped delegation, if the number of voting rights that actual voters can have is capped.
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 58 REFERENCES
Direct voting and proxy voting
TLDR
An axiomatic argument for a hybrid of direct democracy and representative democracy in which each citizen may vote directly on each issue, or delegate his vote on any issue to a representative (that is, a proxy) of his own choosing is constructed.
Liquid Democracy: An Algorithmic Perspective
TLDR
It is shown that local delegation mechanisms, which only take the local neighborhood of each voter as input (and, arguably, capture the spirit of liquid democracy), cannot provide the foregoing guarantee, and design a non-local delegation mechanism that does provably outperform direct voting under mild assumptions about voters.
Pairwise Liquid Democracy
TLDR
This work considers ordinal elections, and introduces novel variants of voting rules that are tailored to the liquid democracy context, based on the framework of distance rationalization.
Liquid Democracy : Potentials, Problems, and Perspectives
Pirate Parties are suggesting a solution to citizens’ dissatisfaction with representative democracy that seeks to remedy the system from within. By combining direct democratic participation with a
A Mathematical Model for Optimal Decisions in a Representative Democracy
TLDR
This work introduces a mathematical model for studying representative democracy, in particular understanding the parameters of a representative democracy that gives maximum decision making capability.
Binary Voting with Delegable Proxy: An Analysis of Liquid Democracy
TLDR
The analysis first positions liquid democracy within the theory of binary aggregation, then focuses on two issues of the system: the occurrence of delegation cycles; and the effect of delegations on individual rationality when voting on logically interdependent propositions.
On Rational Delegations in Liquid Democracy
TLDR
A game-theoretic model of liquid democracy is proposed and studied to address the question: when is it rational for a voter to delegate her vote, and how group accuracy is affected by them.
A program for direct and proxy voting in the legislative process
ConclusionThis paper has argued that changing technology has increased opportunities for voter participation in the legislative process and has presented a proposal which takes some advantage of such
Interactive Democracy
TLDR
It is argued that tools and techniques developed in the multiagent systems literature should be employed to aid the design of online decision platforms and other interactive democracy systems.
Google Votes: A Liquid Democracy Experiment on a Corporate Social Network
TLDR
This paper introduces Google Votes, an experiment in liquid democracy built on Google's internal corporate Google+ social network, and presents a framework for evaluating vote visibility called the "Golden Rule of Liquid Democracy".
...
1
2
3
4
5
...