Flexibility versus efficiency? A case study of model changeovers in the Toyota production system

  title={Flexibility versus efficiency? A case study of model changeovers in the Toyota production system},
  • Adler
  • Published 2002
  • Business
This article seeks to reconceptualize the relationship between flexibility and efficiency. Much organization theory argues that efficiency requires bureaucracy, that bureaucracy impedes flexibility, and that organizations therefore confront a tradeoff between efficiency and flexibility. Some researchers have challenged this line of reasoning, arguing that organizations can shift the efficiency/flexibility tradeoff to attain both superior efficiency and superior flexibility. Others have pointed… 
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