Flax cultivation and textile production in Neolithic wetland settlements on Lake Constance and in Upper Swabia (south-west Germany)

@article{Maier2011FlaxCA,
  title={Flax cultivation and textile production in Neolithic wetland settlements on Lake Constance and in Upper Swabia (south-west Germany)},
  author={Ursula Maier and Helmut Schlichtherle},
  journal={Vegetation History and Archaeobotany},
  year={2011},
  volume={20},
  pages={567-578}
}
At present there are substantial amounts of archaeological and archaeobotanical data from the Late Neolithic wetland settlements of southern Germany on the oil and fibre plant flax (Linum usitatissimum L.). This is the result of 30 years of intensive excavations and research in 53 settlement areas. This article, on the one hand, will present the significance of flax remains, products made of flax and the inventory of relevant tools for evidence of and reconstruction of the flax production… 

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Flax for oil or fibre? Morphometric analysis of flax seeds and new aspects of flax cultivation in Late Neolithic wetland settlements in southwest Germany

The morphometric analysis shows that flax seed sizes in the early phase of the Late Neolithic differ significantly from those of the middle and latest phase (3400–2400 cal. b.c.), suggesting that the introduction of a new flax variety, maybe a better flax for fibre, and the intensification of flax cultivation were also a part of this process.

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