Flame Ionization Detector for Gas Chromatography

@article{McWilliam1958FlameID,
  title={Flame Ionization Detector for Gas Chromatography},
  author={Ian G. McWilliam and R. A. Dewar},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1958},
  volume={181},
  pages={760-760}
}
IT has been found that the electrical conductivity of a flame burning a mixture of hydrogen and nitrogen (in air) is very sensitively affected by the vapours of organic substances, and this effect can be used for detection purposes in gas chromatography. 
Flame-Ionization Detection with Nontraditional Flame-Forming Agents
Abstract Hydrogen flame ionization detection was invented more than 25 years ago in Australia by McWilliam and Dewar.1–3 Independently, the same detection method was investigated by Harley and Nell
Use of Carbon Dioxide as Carrier Gas in Gas Chromatography
TLDR
The carrier gas may not, and need not, be entirely inert was demonstrated in two separate series of experiments, and carbon dioxide was substituted for helium in a gas-solid chromatographic system.
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