Fizeau’s “aether-drag” experiment in the undergraduate laboratory

@article{Lahaye2012FizeausE,
  title={Fizeau’s “aether-drag” experiment in the undergraduate laboratory},
  author={Thierry Lahaye and Pierre Labastie and Renaud Mathevet},
  journal={American Journal of Physics},
  year={2012},
  volume={80},
  pages={497-505}
}
We describe a simple realization of Fizeau’s “aether-drag” experiment. Using an inexpensive setup, we measure the phase shift induced by moving water in a laser interferometer and find good agreement with the relativistic prediction or, in the terms of 19th century physics, with Fresnel’s partial-drag theory. This appealing experiment, particularly suited for an undergraduate laboratory project, not only allows a quantitative measurement of a relativistic effect on a macroscopic system but also… 
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