Five levels of self-awareness as they unfold early in life

@article{Rochat2003FiveLO,
  title={Five levels of self-awareness as they unfold early in life},
  author={P. Rochat},
  journal={Consciousness and Cognition},
  year={2003},
  volume={12},
  pages={717-731}
}
  • P. Rochat
  • Published 2003
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Consciousness and Cognition
When do children become aware of themselves as differentiated and unique entity in the world? When and how do they become self-aware? Based on some recent empirical evidence, 5 levels of self-awareness are presented and discussed as they chronologically unfold from the moment of birth to approximately 4-5 years of age. A natural history of children's developing self-awareness is proposed as well as a model of adult self-awareness that is informed by the dynamic of early development. Adult self… Expand

Figures and Topics from this paper

Chapter 1 The emergence of self-awareness as co-awareness in early child development
This chapter presents some recent observations supporting two general ideas. The first idea is that, contrary to what has been assumed by early theorists of child development, from the first fewExpand
The social influences on the development of the self
Self-awareness is defined as one’s ability to differentiate themselves from others, and is influenced by early life experiences (Fonagy, Gergely, & Jurist, 2003). Some children develop self-awarenessExpand
Notes on Self Awareness Development in Early Infancy
ABSTRACT The current paper analyzes the development in early infancy of the bodily self as a component of self awareness. We specifically emphasize the conceptual distinction between the body schemaExpand
"So big": the development of body self-awareness in toddlers.
TLDR
The ability to represent and reflect on one's own body explicitly and objectively may be a unique dimension of early development, a distinct component of objective self-awareness that emerges in this age period. Expand
Sartre, Developmental Psychology and Burgeoning Self-Awareness: Ricocheting from Being to Nothingness
While the genesis of self-awareness at approximately 18 months old is a dramatic landmark in human development, there is at this stage no explicit awareness on the toddler's part of his/her trulyExpand
Temporally extended self-awareness and affective engagement in three-year-olds
TLDR
Evidence is interpreted that, when completing the procedure with their mother, children are aware of her attention, which corresponds to a familiar mode of self-perception, as well as to a peculiar affective consciousness of Self. Expand
Layers of awareness in development
Abstract Distinct layers of awareness about objects, people, and the self grow from an implicit biologically given core at birth. Each added layer of subjective experience would correspond to majorExpand
Exploration of Self-Consciousness through Self and Other Recognition in the Mirror: Towards New Perspectives in Schizophrenia
Self-experience impairments have been described since many years as part of core features of schizophrenia, but are currently neglected in research and clinical practice. First, a literature reviewExpand
Theory of own mind in autism
  • D. Williams
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Autism : the international journal of research and practice
  • 2010
TLDR
The idea that autism involves a particular deficit in awareness of the ‘psychological self’, or ‘theory of own mind’ is explored, which renders individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) at least as impaired at recognising their own mental states as at recognifying mental states in other people. Expand
The Two High Levels of Self- Identification in Relationships to Consciousness, Social Motives and Brain Laterality
The goal of this article is to discuss the difference between the two highest forms of self-identification–Self-Concept and Self-Image and the relationships between both of these forms, theirExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 75 REFERENCES
Perceived self in infancy
Research is presented suggesting that an implicit sense of self is developing from birth, long before children begin to manifest explicit (conceptual) self-knowledge by the second year. ImplicitExpand
The Self in Time: Developmental Perspectives
Contents: Preface. C. Moore, K. Lemmon, The Nature and Utility of the Temporally Extended Self. K. Nelson, Language and the Self: From the "Experiencing I" to the "Continuing Me." R. Fivush, OwningExpand
Mirror self-image reactions before age two.
  • B. Amsterdam
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Developmental psychobiology
  • 1972
TLDR
The results indicate the following age-related sequence of behavior before the mirror: the first prolonged and repeated reaction of an infant to his mirror image is that of a sociable “playmate” from about 6 through 12 months of age. Expand
Chapter 9 – The Unduplicated Self
If presspd, developmental psychologists offer 18-24 months as the period in which humang infants develop a self-concept, citing this as the age at which infants are able to recognize themselves inExpand
Self‐awareness and the emergence of mind in primates
  • G. G. Gallup
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • American journal of primatology
  • 1982
TLDR
An attempt is made to show that self‐awareness, consciousness, and mind are not mutually exclusive cognitive categories and that the emergence of self-awareness may be equivalent to the emergenceof mind. Expand
Development of Self-Recognition in the Infant.
A hypothesized five-stage developmental sequence of self-recognition behaviors was tested in 48 infants between 6 and 24 months of age, and the self-recognition sequence was compared to theExpand
Early socio–emotional development: Contingency perception and the social-biofeedback model.
The past century of theory about human development has placed much responsibility for normal socio-emotional development on the social interactions experienced in infancy (e.g., Bandura, 1992;Expand
Who's in the mirror? Self-other discrimination in specular images by four- and nine-month-old infants.
TLDR
It is indicated that infants develop self-other discrimination in specular images long before mirror self-recognition, which is typically reported by the second year. Expand
Social contingency detection and infant development.
  • P. Rochat
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
  • 2001
TLDR
The author proposes a relevant map of changing social stances adopted by infants in the course of early development and suggests that although the development of intersubjectivity is a central feature of infant behavior and development, the meaning of contingency detection, hence the source of inter Subjectivity, changes radically between birth and 18 months of age. Expand
Social cognition and the acquisition of self
1 The Origins of Self.- Social Cognition.- Duality of Self.- Theoretical Accounts of the Origins of Self.- Self Knowledge and Self Awareness.- Plan of This Volume.- 2 Mirror Representations of Self.-Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...