Five decades of missing females in China

@article{Coale2011FiveDO,
  title={Five decades of missing females in China},
  author={Ansley Johnson Coale and Judith Banister},
  journal={Demography},
  year={2011},
  volume={31},
  pages={459-479}
}
This paper seeks to explain the dearth of females in the population of China in cohorts born from the late 1930s to the present. We demonstrate that in virtually all cohorts. the shortage of females in comparison with males is revealed when the cohort is first enumerated in a census. Subsequently it barely changes, an indication that female losses occur very early in life. Using the high-quality data from the censuses and fertility surveys in China, we show that many of the births of the girls… 

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