Fitness costs of animal medication: antiparasitic plant chemicals reduce fitness of monarch butterfly hosts.

@article{Tao2016FitnessCO,
  title={Fitness costs of animal medication: antiparasitic plant chemicals reduce fitness of monarch butterfly hosts.},
  author={Leiling Tao and Kevin M Hoang and Mark D Hunter and Jacobus C. de Roode},
  journal={The Journal of animal ecology},
  year={2016},
  volume={85 5},
  pages={
          1246-54
        }
}
The emerging field of ecological immunology demonstrates that allocation by hosts to immune defence against parasites is constrained by the costs of those defences. However, the costs of non-immunological defences, which are important alternatives to canonical immune systems, are less well characterized. Estimating such costs is essential for our understanding of the ecology and evolution of alternative host defence strategies. Many animals have evolved medication behaviours, whereby they use… CONTINUE READING
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