Fitness consequences of personality : a meta-analysis

  title={Fitness consequences of personality : a meta-analysis},
  author={Brian Richard Smith and Daniel T. Blumstein},
The study of nonhuman personality capitalizes on the fact that individuals of many species behave in predictable, variable, and quantifiable ways. Although a few empirical studies have examined the ultimate consequences of personality differences, there has been no synthesis of results. We conducted a formal meta-analysis of published studies reporting fitness consequences of single personality dimensions to identify general trends across species. We found bolder individuals had increased… CONTINUE READING
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