Fitness Effects on the Cognitive Function of Older Adults: A Meta-Analytic Study—Revisited

@article{Kramer2018FitnessEO,
  title={Fitness Effects on the Cognitive Function of Older Adults: A Meta-Analytic Study—Revisited},
  author={Arthur F. Kramer and Stanley J. Colcombe},
  journal={Perspectives on Psychological Science},
  year={2018},
  volume={13},
  pages={213 - 217}
}
  • A. KramerS. Colcombe
  • Published 1 March 2018
  • Education, Psychology
  • Perspectives on Psychological Science
We discuss the factors that encouraged us to examine the question of whether exercise training has a positive influence on cognitive health of older adults in 2003. At that time there was a substantial literature on exercise and cognition. However, cognitive assessment instruments, exercise protocols (including type of exercise, length, and intensity of exercise programs), and subject-selection criteria differed widely. Our meta-analysis enabled us to examine both the main question under study… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Effects of Sport-Based Exercise Interventions on Executive Function in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Exercise programs of moderate-to-vigorous intensity have been shown to improve the cognitive performance of older people. However, the specific effects of sports-based exercise programs on cognitive

Lifting cognition: a meta-analysis of effects of resistance exercise on cognition

The health benefits of resistance exercises are well established; however, the effects of resistance training on cognition are not as well understood. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to

Effects of physical exercise on working memory in older adults: a systematic and meta-analytic review

Overall, this systematic and meta-analytic review found that physical exercise had a significant effect on working memory in older adults and can effectively improve the working memory of older adults.

A call to rethink the cognitive benefits of physical exercise

Extensive research links regular physical exercise to an overall enhancement of cognitive function across the lifespan. Here, we assess the causal evidence supporting this relationship in the healthy

A Scoping Review of Multiple-modality Exercise and Cognition in Older Adults: Limitations and Future Directions

It is suggested that MME improved global cognition, executive functioning, processing speed, and memory and also improved white and gray matter and hippocampal volumes.

Physical activity and neurocognitive functioning in aging - a condensed updated review

This condensed review gives an overview about two methodological approaches to study the impact of physical activity on cognition in elderly, namely cross-sectional studies and randomized controlled
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 79 REFERENCES

The Influence of Physical Fitness and Exercise upon Cognitive Functioning: A Meta-Analysis

Nearly 200 studies have examined the impact that either acute or long-term exercise has upon cognition. Subsets of these studies have been reviewed using the traditional narrative method, and the

Effects of group exercise on cognitive functioning and mood in older women

Within the exercise group, improvements in memory span were associated with concomitant improvements in both reaction time and muscle strength, which suggests that the program may have normalised mood states in subjects who had high initial depression, anxiety and stress levels, rather than inducing improvements in all subjects.

The impact of long-term exercise training on psychological function in older adults.

Long-term exercise training had little, if any, effect on improving cognitive function in this older adult sample, but a positive change in self-reported morale was found for the exercise condition.

Physical activity and cognitive vitality.

An evaluation of the PA-cognition link across the life span provides modest support for the effect of PA on preserving and even enhancing cognitive vitality and the associated neural circuitry in older adults.

Physical Activity, Age, and Cognitive- Neuropsychological Function

Findings from three research paradigms that employed aerobic exercise as an independent variable were used to test the hypothesis that aerobic exercise improves cognitive-neuropsychological

Long-term effects of exercise on psychological functioning in older men and women.

In general, there were relatively few improvements in cognitive performance associated with aerobic exercise, although subjects who maintained their exercise participation for 14 months experienced improvements in some psychiatric symptoms.

Physical fitness, cognitive performance, and aging.

It is suggested that future research in the area of exercise and cognition systematically manipulate the attentional requirements of the tasks selected for the evaluation of cognitive performance to examine the influence of physical fitness on cognitive performance in old age.

Exercise for older women: a training method and its influences on physical and cognitive performance

It is shown that the RPE scale may be used for exercise regulation and that older women would seem to be able to use the scale to monitor and regulate their exercise intensity in an outdoor environment in much the same way as younger individuals.

Effect of a 24-Month Physical Activity Intervention vs Health Education on Cognitive Outcomes in Sedentary Older Adults: The LIFE Randomized Trial.

Among sedentary older adults, a 24-month moderate-intensity physical activity program compared with a health education program did not result in improvements in global or domain-specific cognitive function.

Improving aerobic capacity in healthy older adults does not necessarily lead to improved cognitive performance.

Results suggest that exercise-related changes in older adults' cognitive performance are due either to extended periods of training or to cohort differences between physically active and sedentary individuals.
...