Fission–fusion dynamics of a megaherbivore are driven by ecological, anthropogenic, temporal, and social factors

@article{Bond2019FissionfusionDO,
  title={Fission–fusion dynamics of a megaherbivore are driven by ecological, anthropogenic, temporal, and social factors},
  author={Monica L. Bond and Derek E. Lee and Arpat Ozgul and Barbara K{\"o}nig},
  journal={Oecologia},
  year={2019},
  volume={191},
  pages={335 - 347}
}
Fission–fusion dynamics hypothetically enable animals to exploit dispersed and ephemeral food resources while minimizing predation risk. Disentangling factors affecting group size and composition of fission–fusion species facilitates their management and conservation. We used a 6-year data set of 2888 group formations of Masai giraffes in Tanzania to investigate determinants of social group size and structure. We tested whether ecological (lion density, vegetation structure, and prevalence of… 
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