Fish imagery in art 50: Frederick's Night and Day Foundation


Marshall M. Fredericks is an American sculptor whose heroic sculptures and reliefs adorn many public buildings and monuments, primarily in the midwestern United States. Night and Day Fountain was first created in 1959 for the Henry J. McMorran Auditorium in Port Huron, Michigan. The duplicate fountain shown here was cast in bronze in 1987 to sit in front of the Marshall M. Fredericks Sculpture Gallery on the campus of Saginaw Valley State University, Michigan. Henry J. McMorran was an industrialist who was greatly concerned with time and efficiency, so Fredericks created the memorial fountain to reflect this concern. According to M.W. Panhorst (letter to PB. Moyle, 12 June 1992), Fredericks ‘personified time in two figures, one of Night (the female, the passive, the dark, the mysterious) and one of Day (the male, the active, the energetic)‘. Fredericks did not attach any particular symbolic significance to the northern pike, Esox luck, and river otter, Lutra canadensis, used as the base (detail, above) for the Day sculpture, except that they seemed more masculine than the swan he used to support the Night sculpture (M.W. Panhorst idem).

DOI: 10.1007/BF00005206

Cite this paper

@article{Moyle2004FishII, title={Fish imagery in art 50: Frederick's Night and Day Foundation}, author={Peter B. Moyle and Marilyn A. Moyle}, journal={Environmental Biology of Fishes}, year={2004}, volume={37}, pages={396-396} }