Fish Predation by Semi-Aquatic Spiders: A Global Pattern

@article{Nyffeler2014FishPB,
  title={Fish Predation by Semi-Aquatic Spiders: A Global Pattern},
  author={Martin Nyffeler and Bradley J. Pusey},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
  year={2014},
  volume={9}
}
More than 80 incidences of fish predation by semi-aquatic spiders – observed at the fringes of shallow freshwater streams, rivers, lakes, ponds, swamps, and fens – are reviewed. We provide evidence that fish predation by semi-aquatic spiders is geographically widespread, occurring on all continents except Antarctica. Fish predation by spiders appears to be more common in warmer areas between 40° S and 40° N. The fish captured by spiders, usually ranging from 2–6 cm in length, are among the most… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Spiders as frog-eaters: a global perspective
TLDR
The finding that such a high diversity of spider taxa is utilizingsuch a high variety of frog taxa as prey is novel is novel and the utilization of frogs as supplementary food increases the spiders' food supply, and this is presumed to enhance their chance of survival.
Notes on the feeding habits of the Okinawan fishing spider, Dolomedes orion (Araneae: Pisauridae), in the southwestern islands of Japan
TLDR
The diet of the Okinawan fishing spider, Dolomedes orion Tanikawa, 2003, the largest cursorial spider in Japan, is reported on, based upon field observations on Amami Oshima Island in Kagoshima Prefecture and a literature review.
Lizard predation by spiders: A review from the Neotropical and Andean regions
TLDR
It is concluded that various spider taxa can be considered lizard predators and they may be ecologically important in the Neotropical and Andean regions, however, spiders of prime predation relevance seem to be those of the Ctenidae and Theraphosidae families.
Spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) feeding on snakes (Reptilia: Squamata)
TLDR
Not only do spiders sometimes capture and kill snakes, quite often the tables are turned – that is, a larger number of arthropod-eating snake species (in particular nonvenomous species in the family Colubridae) include spiders in their diets.
Spiders feeding on earthworms revisited: consumption of giant earthworms in the tropics
TLDR
Spiders from 14 families were observed feeding on earthworms in nature, and species from two additional families consumed earthworm prey in captivity, and recent molecular studies of the diet composition of lycosid and linyphiid spider species in Swedish arable fields suggest that earthworms are not a common prey of these species.
The life aquatic with spiders (Araneae): repeated evolution of aquatic habitat association in Dictynidae and allied taxa
TLDR
It is indicated that not all spiders with traits thought to be useful for aquatic habitat associations occupy such habitats, and that some spider taxa lacking these traits are nonetheless associated with water.
A vertebrate-eating jumping spider (Araneae: Salticidae) from Florida, USA
TLDR
Vertebrate predation by salticid spiders has not been previously documented in the scientific literature and female as well as male P. regius were engaged in feeding on this type of vertebrates.
Semiaquatic spiders Alopecosa cinnameopilosa rely on prey derived from macrophyte‐based food web: evidence from Lake Izunuma, Japan
TLDR
Investigating the diet of the semiaquatic spider Alopecosa cinnameopilosa found that macrophyte-based food webs that start from lotus or water chestnuts could significantly support semIAquatic spiders on Macrophyte vegetation in Lake Izunuma.
Trophic Niches and Trophic Adaptations of Prey-Specialized Spiders from the Neotropics: A Guide
TLDR
This chapter provides a guide on how to study the trophic niches of spiders in order to encourage other researchers to investigate prey-specialized species and summarizes the current state-of-the-art with respect to knowledge on the trophy ecology of Neotropical spiders, with particular emphasis on specialists.
Arthropods as Vertebrate Predators: A Review of Global Patterns
TLDR
This study represents the largest global assessment of arthropod predators and vertebrate prey with over a thousand recorded observations collated from over 80 countries across every continent except Antarctica, demonstrating that arthropods are indeed an overlooked predator of vertebrates.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 254 REFERENCES
Bat Predation by Spiders
TLDR
Evidence suggests that spider predation on flying vertebrates is more widespread than previously assumed.
EFFECTS OF FISH ON THE GROWTH AND SURVIVAL OF TWO FISHING SPIDER POPULATIONS (DOLOMEDES TRITON ; ARANEAE, PISAURIDAE)
TLDR
The results suggest that Dolomedes triton from two populations, one with fis h predators and one without, may adjust to competitor/predator-rich environments through compromises in growth and development.
Pattern and process in the ecological biogeography of European freshwater fish.
  • D. Griffiths
  • Environmental Science
    The Journal of animal ecology
  • 2006
TLDR
The results support the notion that habitat variability, on both short and long time scales, favours colonization ability, which requires large body size, which is greatest at mid-latitudes.
Prey use of the fishing spider Dolomedes triton (Pisauridae, Araneae): an important predator of the neuston community
TLDR
It is hypothesized that intraguild predation (including cannibalism) could be an important coevolutionary force structuring phenology, population dynamics and microhabitat use of the predatory guild of the neuston community.
Adult aquatic insects: potential contributors to riparian food webs in Australia's wet-dry tropics
TLDR
The great abundance of aquatic insects relative to terrestrial insects close to streams suggests that they have the potential to be anImportant component of the diets of riparian insectivores, and predation may be an important pathway by which aquatic nutrients and energy are moved into terrestrial food webs.
The feeding behaviour of New Zealand Dolomedes species (Araneae: Pisauridae)
Abstract The prey spectrum and predatory behaviour of Dolomedes sp. (‘D. III’), D. aquaticus, and D. minor are described from a series of field and laboratory investigations, the former made around
Predation on amphibians by spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) in the Neotropical region
Herein, we report observations about spider predation on anurans (adults and juveniles) in Central Amazonia and a literature review of spiders preying on amphibians in the Neotropical zoogeographic
Fishing spiders, green sunfish, and a stream-dwelling water strider: male-female conflict and prey responses to single versus multiple predator environments
TLDR
Comparisons of the effects of the two predator species showed that in general, antipredator responses by male water striders were stronger in pools with fish alone than in those with spiders alone, and that when prey face conflicting microhabitat responses to two predators, the predators should have facilitative effects on predation rates.
Habitat use in an assemblage of Central American wandering spiders
TLDR
The similarity in community structure between this Costa Rican and a central Amazonian assemblage suggests the existence of similar structuring mechanisms in wandering spider assemblages in climatically similar biomes.
Habitat use by the fishing spiderDolomedes triton in a northern Everglades wetland
We investigated patterns of habitat use by adult fishing spidersDolomedes triton in a seasonally dynamic freshwater wetland of the northern Everglades. Spiders were collected monthly (July
...
...