Fish Fertilizer: A Native North American Practice?

  title={Fish Fertilizer: A Native North American Practice?},
  author={Lynn Ceci},
  pages={26 - 30}
  • L. Ceci
  • Published 4 April 1975
  • History
  • Science
The belief that the use of fish fertilizers originated among North American Indians, and was communicated as such by Squanto to the Plymouth settlers, has achieved the status of folklore and is therefore difficult to challenge. However, examination of the documentary evidence of Squanto's history and of native cultivation practices, and a cultural analysis of the implications of the use of fish fertilizer, have produced complementary lines of evidence. This evidence indicates that widely held… 
Maize Cultivation in Coastal New York: The Archaeological, Agronomical, and Documentary Evidence
The traditional model for New York's coastal Algonquians assumes the development of sedentary life based on successful cultivation of maize beginning sometime in the Woodland period. Analyses of the
Comment on Maize Cultivation in Coastal New York
Ceci's re-examination of the nature of prehistoric cultivation in Coastal New York (1980) is of considerable interest. There are some unresolved aspects of the conclusion that the prehistoric
The Late Woodland Diet on Nantucket Island and the Problem of Maize in Coastal New England
Carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios of (1) bone collagen from six burials of the Late Woodland Period at Nantucket Island, Massachusetts, and (2) a wide range of potential dietary materials provide
Anadromous Fish and the Lenape
The utilization of fish by the Lenape culture of the lower Delaware River Valley during the Contact period is examined and discussed. Much of this information was gathered by the author by studying
Effect of fish emulsion used as a preplanting soil amendment on verticillium wilt, scab, and tuber yield of potato
Fish emulsion was tested as a preplanting soil amendment to control soilborne diseases of eggplant and potato such as verticillium wilt and scab and indicated that fish emulsion is not effective in soils with high disease pressure.
Effects of marine biofertilisation on Celtic bean carbon, nitrogen and sulphur isotopes: Implications for reconstructing past diet and farming practices
Isotopic enrichment in nitrogen and sulphur using marine resources has significant implications when reconstructing diets and farming practices in archaeological populations.
Plant sulfur isotopic compositions are altered by marine fertilizers
This study presents sulfur isotope compositions (δ34S) for plants grown in a series of growth chamber and field experiments under controlled conditions. Maize, beans, and squash fertilized with a
Establishing suppressive conditions against soilborne potato diseases with low rates of fish emulsion applied serially as a pre-plant soil amendment
The results suggest that economically feasible rates of FE can provide disease suppression and enhance tuber yield and the effect may last a year or more after the last FE application.
Effect of foliar applications of neem oil and fish emulsion on bacterial spot and yield of tomatoes and peppers
The results suggest that disease-management programs for bacterial spot may be enhanced by including foliar sprays of neem oil and fish emulsion, derived from neem seed and menhaden fish, in these products.
Suppression of Rhizoctonia and Pythium damping-off of radish and cucumber seedlings by addition of fish emulsion to peat mix or soil
The results suggest that fish emulsion has both nutritive value for plant growth as well as disease suppressive properties and may be an ideal product for use in organic or conventional transplant production.


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