First-trimester biochemical markers for Down syndrome.


The value of maternal serum pregnancy-associated protein A (PAPP-A), free and total beta human chorionic gonadotrophin (fbetahCG, betahCG) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in screening for Down syndrome (DS) in early pregnancy has been assessed. To evaluate the different biochemical markers, 32 DS pregnancies and 267 controls were used for AFP, betahCG and PAPP… (More)