First operation of transition-edge sensors in space with the Micro-X sounding rocket

  title={First operation of transition-edge sensors in space with the Micro-X sounding rocket},
  author={Joseph S. Adams and Robert G. Baker and S. R. Bandler and Noemie Bastidon and Meredith E. Danowski and William Bertrand Doriese and Megan E. Eckart and E. Figueroa-Feliciano and Joshua Fuhrman and David C. Goldfinger and Sarah N. T. Heine and G. C. Hilton and Antonia Hubbard and Daniel Jardin and Richard Lloyd Kelley and Caroline A. Kilbourne and R. E. Manzagol-Harwood and Dan McCammon and Takashi Okajima and Frederick S. Porter and Carl D. Reintsema and Peter J. Serlemitsos and Stephen James Smith and Patrick Wikus},
  booktitle={Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation},
With its first flight in 2018, Micro-X became the first program to fly Transition-Edge Sensors and their SQUID readouts in space. The science goal was a high-resolution, spatially resolved X-ray spectrum of the Cassiopeia A Supernova Remnant. While a rocket pointing error led to no time on target, the data was used to demonstrate the flight performance of the instrument. The detectors observed X-rays from the on-board calibration source, but a susceptibility to external magnetic fields limited… 

Modeling a Three-Stage SQUID System in Space with the First Micro-X Sounding Rocket Flight

The Micro-X sounding rocket is a NASA funded X-ray telescope payload that completed its first flight on July 22, 2018. This event marked the first operation of Transition Edge Sensors (TESs) and

Signal readout for Transition-Edge Sensor X-ray imaging spectrometers

Arrays of low-temperature microcalorimeters provide a promising technology for X-ray astrophysics: the imaging spectrometer. A camera with at least several thousand pixels, each of which has an

A Review of X-ray Microcalorimeters Based on Superconducting Transition Edge Sensors for Astrophysics and Particle Physics

The state-of-the-art technology of X-ray microcalorimeters based on superconducting transition-edge sensors (TESs), for applications in astrophysics and particle physics, is reviewed. We will show



Development of TES Microcalorimeter Arrays for the Micro-X Sounding Rocket Experiment

The Micro-X sounding rocket program will fly a 128-pixel array of transition-edge-sensor microcalorimeters to enable high-resolution X-ray imaging spectroscopy of supernova remnants. To match the

Vibration Isolation Design for the Micro-X Rocket Payload

Micro-X is a NASA-funded, sounding rocket-borne X-ray imaging spectrometer that will allow high precision measurements of velocity structure, ionization state and elemental composition of extended

Time-division superconducting quantum interference device multiplexer for transition-edge sensors

We report on the design and performance of our second-generation 32-channel time-division multiplexer developed for the readout of large-format arrays of superconducting transition-edge sensors. We

High-Throughput, DC-Parametric Evaluation of Flux-Activated-Switch-Based TDM and CDM SQUID Multiplexers

A test bed is developed that utilizes the NIST TDM/CDM read-out electronics to make automated multiplexed measurements on sixteen devices simultaneously in a 4 K liquid-helium dip probe and the utility of this approach in identifying fabrication trends, yield indicators, and common failure modes will be demonstrated.

A High Spectral Resolution Observation of the Soft X-Ray Diffuse Background with Thermal Detectors

A high spectral resolution observation of the diffuse X-ray background in the 60-1000 eV energy range has been made using an array of 36 1 mm2 microcalorimeters flown on a sounding rocket. Detector

Large‐Absorber TES X‐ray Microcalorimeters and the Micro‐X Detector Array

We present experimental results and designs of large‐absorber transition‐edge‐sensor (TES) X‐ray microcalorimeters. Much of our effort has focused on developing close‐packed arrays of 250–300

Electronics for a Next‐Generation SQUID‐Based Time‐Domain Multiplexing System

A decade has elapsed since the design, development and realization of a SQUID‐based time‐division multiplexer at NIST. During this time the system has been used extensively for

Time-Division SQUID Multiplexers With Reduced Sensitivity to External Magnetic Fields

Time-division SQUID multiplexers are used in many applications that require exquisite control of systematic error. One potential source of systematic error is the pickup of external magnetic fields

First Flight Performance of the Micro-X Microcalorimeter X-Ray Sounding Rocket

  • preparation (2021).
  • 2021