First non-contingent respiratory biofeedback placebo versus contingent biofeedback in patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized, controlled, double-blind trial.

@article{Kapitza2010FirstNR,
  title={First non-contingent respiratory biofeedback placebo versus contingent biofeedback in patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized, controlled, double-blind trial.},
  author={Karl Peter Kapitza and Torsten Passie and Michael Bernateck and Matthias Karst},
  journal={Applied psychophysiology and biofeedback},
  year={2010},
  volume={35 3},
  pages={207-17}
}
Previous studies reported that respiratory feedback (RFB) aids in alleviating chronic pain. However, to date, this adjunct treatment has not been rigorously tested against non-contingent (placebo) feedback. Forty-two patients with chronic low back pain were randomized to either RFB or non-contingent RFB. Both groups performed a daily 30-min home training for 15 consecutive days. A respiratory associated relaxation index (RI) was measured. Pain levels and a somatosensory profile were assessed… CONTINUE READING

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