First low frequency all-sky search for continuous gravitational wave signals

  title={First low frequency all-sky search for continuous gravitational wave signals},
  author={The Ligo Scientific Collaboration and The Virgo Collaboration J. Aasi and Brad Abbott and Richard J. Abbott and Thomas Abbott and Matthew Robert Abernathy and Fausto Acernese and Kendall Ackley and Carl Adams and Todd Adams and Paolo Addesso and Rana X. Adhikari and V B Adya and Christoph Affeldt and Michalis Agathos and Kazuhiro Agatsuma and Nancy Aggarwal and Odylio D. Aguiar and Anirban Ain and Parameswaran Ajith and Bruce Allen and Annalisa Allocca and Daniel Amariutei and M. Andersen and Stuart B. Anderson and Warren G. Anderson and Koji Arai and M. C. Araya and C. C. Arceneaux and Joseph S. Areeda and Nicolas Arnaud and Gregory Ashton and Stuart M. Aston and Pia Astone and Peter Aufmuth and C. Aulbert and Stanislav Babak and Paul T. Baker and F. Baldaccini and Giulio Ballardin and Stefan W. Ballmer and J. C. B. Barayoga and S. E. Barclay and Barry C. Barish and Daniel H. N. Barker and Fabrizio Barone and B. W. Barr and Lisa Barsotti and Matteo Barsuglia and Jms Bartlett and Mark Andrew Barton and Imre Bartos and Riccardo Bassiri and Andrea Basti and J. C. Batch and Christoph Baune and Viswanath Bavigadda and Beate Behnke and Michał Bejger and Chris Belczynski and A. S. Bell and B. K. Berger and Jes Bergman and Gerald Bergmann and Christopher P. L. Berry and Diego Bersanetti and Alessandro Bertolini and J Betzwieser and Swetha Bhagwat and R. Bhandare and I. A. Bilenko and G Billingsley and Jeremy Birch and R Birney and Sebastien Biscans and Massimiliano Bitossi and Christopher Michael Biwer and M. A. Bizouard and J. K. Blackburn and Carl Blair and David G Blair and Steven Bloemen and Oliver Bock and T. P. Bodiya and Michel Boer and Gilles Bogaert and P. Bojtos and Charlotte Z. Bond and F. Bondu and Romain Bonnand and R. G. Bork and Michael Born and Valerio Boschi and Sukanta Bose and C. Bradaschia and Patrick R. Brady and V. B. Braginsky and Marica Branchesi and Vinicius Branco and James E. Brau and Tristan Briant and A. Brillet and Martin Brinkmann and V. Brisson and Patrick Brockill and A. F. Brooks and D. A. Brown and D D Brown and D D Brown and Nic M. Brown and C. C. Buchanan and Aaron Buikema and Tomasz Bulik and H. J. Bulten and Alessandra Buonanno and D. Buskulic and Christelle Buy and Robert L. Byer and Laura Cadonati and Gianpietro Cagnoli and Juan Calder{\'o}n Bustillo and Enrico Calloni and Jordan B. Camp and Kipp C. Cannon and J. Cao and C. D. Capano and E. Capocasa and Franco Carbognani and Santiago Caride and J. Casanueva Diaz and Claudio Casentini and Sarah Caudill and Marco Cavagli{\`a} and F. Cavalier and R. Cavalieri and Charles Celerier and Giancarlo Cella and Carlos Cepeda and Liala Baiardi and G. Cerretani and Elisa Cesarini and R. Chakraborty and Tara Chalermsongsak and Sydney JoAnne Chamberlin and S. Chao and P R Charlton and {\'E}ric Chassande-Mottin and X. Chen and Y. R. Chen and C. Cheng and Andrea Chincarini and Antonino Chiummo and H. S. Cho and M. Cho and Jong H. Chow and Nelson Christensen and Qi Chu and Sheon S Y Chua and S. Chung and Giacomo Ciani and Filiberto Clara and J A Clark and F. Cleva and Eugenio Coccia and P.-F. Cohadon and Alberto Colla and Christophe Collette and Maria Perla Colombini and Marcio Constancio and Andrea Conte and L Conti and D. Cook and Thomas R. Corbitt and Neil J. Cornish and Alessandra Corsi and C. A. Costa and Michael W. Coughlin and S Coughlin and J.-P. Coulon and Stefanie Countryman and Peter Couvares and D. M. Coward and M. J. Cowart and D. C. Coyne and Robert Coyne and Kieran Craig and Jolien D. E. Creighton and Jonathan Cripe and S. Gwynne Crowder and Andrew Cumming and L. Cunningham and Elena Cuoco and Tito Dal Canton and Marcin Damjanic and S L Danilishin and Sabrina D’Antonio and Karsten Danzmann and N. S. Darman and Vincenzino Dattilo and Itishri Dave and H. P. Daveloza and M. Davier and G. S. Davies and E J Daw and Richard N. Day and Daniel B. DeBra and Gergely Debreczeni and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Degallaix and Martina de Laurentis and Samuel Del'eglise and Walter del Pozzo and Thomas Denker and Thomas Dent and H. Dereli and Vladimir Dergachev and Rosario De Rosa and R. T. Derosa and Riccardo DeSalvo and Sanjeev V. Dhurandhar and M. C. D'iaz and L. Di Fiore and Matteo di Giovanni and Alberto Di Lieto and I. Di Palma and Angela Di Virgilio and Goran Dojcinoski and Vincent Dolique and E. Dominguez and Frederick J. Donovan and K L Dooley and Suresh Doravari and Rebecca Douglas and Turlough P. Downes and M. Drago and Ronald W. P. Drever and J C Driggers and Zhihui Du and M. Ducrot and Sheila E. Dwyer and Tega Boro Edo and Matthew C. Edwards and Matthew C. Edwards and Anamaria Effler and H. B. Eggenstein and Phil Ehrens and Jan Eichholz and Stephen S. Eikenberry and Reed Essick and Taylor M. Etzel and Matthew Evans and Thomas M. Evans and Ryan Everett and Maxim Factourovich and V Fafone and Stephen Fairhurst and Qi Fang and Stefania Farinon and Benjamin Farr and Will M. Farr and Marc Favata and Maxime Fays and H. Fehrmann and Martin M. Fejer and David Feldbaum and I. Ferrante and E.C. Ferreira and Federico Ferrini and Francesco Fidecaro and Irene Fiori and Rebecca Fisher and R. Flaminio and J.-D. Fournier and S. Franco and Sergio Frasca and F. Frasconi and Maik Frede and Zsolt Frei and Andreas Freise and Raymond E. Frey and T. T. Fricke and P. Fritschel and Valery Victor Frolov and P. J. Fulda and Matthew Fyffe and Hunter Gabbard and Jonathan R. Gair and Luca Gammaitoni and Sampada Gaonkar and F. Garufi and Alberto Gatto and N. C. Gehrels and Gianluca Gemme and Bruce Gendre and Emmanuelle G{\'e}nin and A. Gennai and L'aszl'o 'A. Gergely and Vincent Germain and A. Ghosh and S. Ghosh and J. A. Giaime and K. D. Giardina and A. Giazotto and Joseph Gleason and Evan Goetz and Ryan P. Goetz and L{\'a}szl{\'o} Gond{\'a}n and Gabriela Gonz'alez and J. Gonz{\'a}lez and A. Gopakumar and N. A. Gordon and Michael L. Gorodetsky and Sarah E. Gossan and Matthieu Gosselin and Stefan Gossler and R. Gouaty and Christian Graef and Philip Graff and Massimo Granata and A. Grant and Slawomir Gras and C. Gray and Giuseppe Greco and Paul J. Groot and Hartmut Grote and Katherine Grover and S. Grunewald and G. Guidi and Christopher Guido and X. Guo and A. Gupta and M. Gupta and Kaitlin E. Gushwa and Eric K. Gustafson and Richard Gustafson and Jan J. Hacker and Bernard Hall and Evan D. Hall and David Hammer and Giles D. Hammond and Maria Haney and M. M. Hanke and Jonathan Hanks and Chad Hanna and Mark Hannam and James E. Hanson and T Hardwick and Jan Harms and Gregory M. Harry and I. W. Harry and M. J. Hart and Michael T. Hartman and Carl-Johan Haster and K. Haughian and Antoine Heidmann and Matthew Heintze and H. Heitmann and P. Hello and Gary Hemming and Martin Hendry and Ik Siong Heng and John Hennig and Alastair Heptonstall and Mich{\`e}le Heurs and Stefan Hild and David C. Hoak and Kari Alison Hodge and Jason Hoelscher-Obermaier and David Jonathan Hofman and Sophie Elizabeth Hollitt and K. Holt and Philip F. Hopkins and D. J. Hosken and James Hough and E. Alasdair Houston and E J Howell and Y. M. Hu and S. Huang and Eliu A. Huerta and Dominique Huet and Barbara J. Hughey and Sascha Husa and S. H. Huttner and M. Huynh and T. Huynh--Dinh and Ashikuzzaman Idrisy and Nathaniel M. Indik and D. R. Ingram and Ra Inta and Gabriela Islas and Jedidah C. Isler and Tomoki Isogai and Bala R. Iyer and Keisuke Izumi and M. B. Jacobson and H. J. Jang and Piotr Jaranowski and S. Jawahar and Y. H. Ji and F. Jim'enez-Forteza and W. W. Johnson and D. I. Jones and R. Jones and R. J. G. Jonker and Li Ju and K. Haris and Vassiliki Kalogera and S Kandhasamy and G. Kang and Jonah Kanner and Sudarshan Karki and Johan Karl{\'e}n and Marie Kasprzack and Erotokritos Katsavounidis and William G. Katzman and Steffen Kaufer and Tejinder Kaur and Keita Kawabe and Fumiko Kawazoe and Fabien K'ef'elian and Marcel S. Kehl and David Keitel and David Bruce Kelley and William P. Kells and J. Kerrigan and Joey Shapiro Key and Farid Ya. Khalili and Z. A. Khan and E. A. Khazanov and N Kijbunchoo and C. Kim and K. Kim and N. G. Kim and N. G. Kim and Y.-M. Kim and Eleanor J King and P. J. King and D. L. Kinzel and J S Kissel and Sergey Klimenko and J. T. Kline and S. M. Koehlenbeck and Keiko Kokeyama and Soumen Koley and V. T. Kondrashov and Mikhail Korobko and William Z Korth and Izabela Jonek Kowalska and Darby Kozak and V. Kringel and Badri Krishnan and Andrzej Kr'olak and C. Krueger and G. Kuehn and A. Kumar and P. Kumar and L. Kuo and Adam Kutynia and Benjamin D. Lackey and Michael Landry and Brian Lantz and Paul D. Lasky and Albert Lazzarini and C Lazzaro and Paola Leaci and Sean Leavey and Eric O. Lebigot and C. H. Lee and H. K. Lee and H. m. Lee and J. J. Lee and J. P. Lee and Matteo Leonardi and Jonathan Leong and Nicolas Leroy and Nicolas Letendre and Yuri Levin and B. M. Levine and Jeffrey B. Lewis and T. G. F. Li and Adam A. Libson and Angie C. Lin and Tyson B. Littenberg and N. A. Lockerbie and Vera Lockett and Deepali Lodhia and Joshua Logue and A. L. Lombardi and Marco Lorenzini and Vincent Loriette and Marc Lormand and Giovanni Losurdo and James Lough and M. J. Lubinski and Harald Luck and Andrew Lundgren and J. Luo and R. Lynch and Y. Ma and John Macarthur and E. P. Macdonald and T. Macdonald and B. Machenschalk and Myron Macinnis and D Macleod and Dakota Madden-Fong and Fabian Maga{\~n}a-Sandoval and Ryan Magee and M. Mageswaran and E. Majorana and I. Maksimovic and Valeria Malvezzi and Na Man and Ilya Mandel and Vuk Mandic and Vanessa Mangano and Nicholas Mangini and Georgia L. Mansell and Magnus Manske and Maddalena Mantovani and Fabio Marchesoni and F. Marion and Szabolcs M'arka and Zsuzsa M'arka and Ashot Markosyan and Edward Maros and F. Martelli and Lionel Martellini and Iain W. Martin and R. M. Martin and Denis Martynov and J. N. Marx and K. O. Mason and A. Masserot and Thomas Massinger and Simone Mastrogiovanni and F. Matichard and Luca Matone and Nergis Mavalvala and N. Mazumder and Giulio Mazzolo and R. McCarthy and D. E. McClelland and Scott McCormick and Scott C. McGuire and G. McIntyre and Jess McIver and Sean T. McWilliams and Duncan Meacher and Grant David Meadors and Moritz Mehmet and Jeroen Meidam and Melanie Meinders and Andrew Melatos and Greg Mendell and R. A. Mercer and Mourad Merzougui and Sydney Meshkov and Chris Messenger and Cody Messick and Patrick M. Meyers and Federica Mezzani and Haixing Miao and Christophe Michel and Hannah Middleton and Eugeniy Mikhailov and Leopoldo Milano and J. R. Miller and Margaret Millhouse and Yury Minenkov and Jin Ming and Saeed Mirshekari and Chandra Kant Mishra and Subhasish Mitra and Vp. Mitrofanov and Gena Mitselmakher and Richard K Mittleman and Brian Moe and Andrea Moggi and M. Mohan and Satyanarayan Ray Pitambar Mohapatra and M. Montani and B. C. Moore and Daniel Moraru and Gerardo Moreno and S. R. Morriss and Kasem Mossavi and B. Mours and Conor M Mow-Lowry and Chris L Mueller and Guido Mueller and Arunava Mukherjee and Subroto Mukherjee and Adam J Mullavey and Jesper Munch and IV D.J.Murphy and P. G. Murray and Antonis Mytidis and M{\'a}t{\'e} Ferenc Nagy and Ilaria Nardecchia and L. Naticchioni and Rabindranath Nayak and Valentin Necula and Kalina V. Nedkova and Gijs Nelemans and MorgantiN. Neri and G. P. Newton and T. T. Nguyen and Alex B. Nielsen and Alexander H. Nitz and F. Nocera and Dan Nolting and Marc Eric Normandin and Laura Nuttall and Evan Ochsner and Joseph O'Dell and Eric Oelker and G. H. Ogin and J J Oh and S. H. Oh and Frank Ohme and Maria Okounkova and Patrick Oppermann and Richard J. Oram and Brian O'reilly and W. E. Ortega and Richard O’Shaughnessy and Christian D. Ott and David J. Ottaway and R. S. Ottens and Harry Overmier and B. J. Owen and Cinthia Padilla and Archana Pai and Sanjay A. Pai and Jordan Palamos and O. V. Palashov and Cristiano Palomba and A. Pal-Singh and H. I. Pan and Y. B. Pan and Chris Pankow and Francesco Pannarale and Bhasker Pant and Federico Paoletti and Maria Alessandra Papa and H. R. Paris and A. Pasqualetti and R. Passaquieti and D. Passuello and Z. Patrick and M. Pedraza and Larne Pekowsky and Arnaud Pele and Stephen Penn and Antonio Perreca and M. Phelps and Ornella Juliana Piccinni and Mikhael Pichot and M. Pickenpack and Francesco Piergiovanni and Vincenzo Pierro and Gabriel Pillant and L. Pinard and Innocenzo M. Pinto and Matthew Pitkin and J. H. Poeld and R. Poggiani and A. Post and Jade Powell and Jayanti Prasad and Valeriu Predoi and Sammanani Shakya Premachandra and Tanner Prestegard and Larry R. Price and M. Prijatelj and M. Principe and S. Privitera and Reinhard Prix and Giovanni Andrea Prodi and Leonid Prokhorov and Oliver Puncken and M. Punturo and P. Puppo and Michael Purrer and Jiayi Qin and Volker Quetschke and Eric Antonio Quintero and Ryan Quitzow-James and F. J. Raab and D. S. Rabeling and Istv'an R'acz and Hugh Radkins and P{\'e}ter Raffai and Sendhil Raja and Malik Rakhmanov and P. Rapagnani and V Raymond and Massimiliano Razzano and Virginia Re and C. M. Reed and Tania Regimbau and Luca Rei and Stuart Reid and David Reitze and F. Ricci and Keith Riles and N. A. Robertson and Raymond Robie and Florent Robinet and Alessandro Rocchi and Alan Rodger and Lo{\"i}c Rolland and Jameson Graef Rollins and Vincent Roma and Joseph D. Romano and Rocco Romano and Gleb Romanov and J. H. Romie and D. Rosi'nska and Sheila Rowan and A. Rudiger and P. Ruggi and Kris Ryan and Surabhi Sachdev and Travis Sadecki and Laleh Sadeghian and M. Saleem and Francesco Salemi and Letizia Sammut and E. J. Sanchez and V. D. Sandberg and Joyce Sanders and I. Santiago-Prieto and Beno{\^i}t Sassolas and Bangalore Sathyaprakash and Peter Saulson and Richard L. Savage and A. Sawadsky and Paul Schale and Roland Schilling and Patricia Schmidt and Roman Schnabel and Robert M. S. Schofield and A. Schonbeck and Emil Schreiber and Daniel R. Schuette and Bernard F. Schutz and J. Scott and Susan M. Scott and Danny Sellers and Daniel Sentenac and Valeria Sequino and A. S. Sergeev and Gabriela Serna and A. Sevigny and Daniel A. Shaddock and Peter Shaffery and Shams Ullah Shah and M. Selim Shahriar and Miroslav Shaltev and Zhenhua Shao and B. Shapiro and Peter Shawhan and Deirdre Shoemaker and Trevor Sidery and Karelle Siellez and Xavier Siemens and Daniel Sigg and A. da Silva and Denis Simakov and Andrej Singer and Leo P. Singer and R. Singh and Alicia M. Sintes and Bram J. J. Slagmolen and J. R. Smith and Nicolas de Mateo Smith and R Smith and E J Son and Borja Sorazu and Tarun Souradeep and A. K. Srivastava and Alexa Staley and Michael Steinke and Jessica Steinlechner and Sebastian Steinlechner and Daniel Steinmeyer and Branson C. Stephens and S. Steplewski and Simon Stevenson and Robert Stone and Kenneth Strain and Nicolas Straniero and N. A. Strauss and Sergey Strigin and Riccardo Sturani and Amber L. Stuver and Tiffany Summerscales and L. Sun and P. Sutton and Bas Swinkels and Marek J. Szczepańczyk and Matteo Tacca and Dipongkar Talukder and David B. Tanner and M'arton T'apai and S. P. Tarabrin and Andrea Taracchini and R. D. Taylor and Thomas Theeg and Mirunalini Thirugnanasambandam and M. Thomas and Pieter Thomas and Keith A. Thorne and Kip S. Thorne and Eric Thrane and Srishti Tiwari and Vaibhav Tiwari and K. Tokmakov and C. Tomlinson and Mauro Tonelli and Cristina Torres and Calum I. Torrie and Flavio Travasso and Gary Traylor and Daniele Trifir{\`o} and Maria Concetta Tringali and M. Tse and M Turconi and Dennis Wayne Ugolini and C. S. Unnikrishnan and Alexander L. Urban and S. A. Usman and Henning Vahlbruch and Gabriele Vajente and Guillermo Valdes and Michele Vallisneri and Niels Anton van Bakel and Martinus van Beuzekom and J. F. J. van den Brand and Chris van den Broeck and Laura van der Schaaf and Mv van der Sluys and Joris van Heijningen and A. A. van Veggel and M Vardaro and Steve Vass and M'aty'as Vas'uth and Ruslan Vaulin and Alberto Vecchio and Gabriele Vedovato and John Veitch and Peter J. Veitch and Krishna Venkateswara and D. Verkindt and F. Vetrano and Andrea Vicer'e and J.-Y. Vinet and Salvatore Vitale and Thomas Vo and Helios Vocca and Cheryl Vorvick and W. D. Vousden and Sergey P. Vyatchanin and Andrew R. Wade and Madeline Wade and IV L.E.Wade and Marissa Walker and L. Wallace and Sin'ead Walsh and G. Wang and H. Wang and M. Wang and X. F. Wang and Robert L. Ward and Jimmy Warner and Michal Was and Betsy Weaver and L.-W. Wei and Michael Weinert and Alan J. Weinstein and Rainer Weiss and Timothy A. Welborn and Longping Wen and Peter Wessels and Tobias Westphal and Karl Wette and James Whelan and S. E. Whitcomb and Darren J. White and Bernard F Whiting and K. J. Williams and L. Williams and R. D. Williams and Andrew R. Williamson and Josh Willis and Benno Willke and M. H. Wimmer and Walter Winkler and Christopher C. Wipf and Holger Wittel and Graham Woan and John R. Worden and Joshua Yablon and Igor Yakushin and William Yam and H. Yamamoto and Cregg C. Yancey and M. Yvert and A. K. Zadro.zny and Laura Zangrando and Michele Zanolin and Jean Pierre Zendri and Fan Zhang and L. Zhang and M. Zhang and Y. Zhang and C Zhao and M. Zhou and X J Zhu and Michael Edward Zucker and Sarah Zuraw and J. G. Zweizig},
  journal={Physical Review D},
In this paper we present the results of the first low frequency all-sky search of continuous gravitational wave signals conducted on Virgo VSR2 and VSR4 data. The search covered the full sky, a frequency range between 20 Hz and 128 Hz with a range of spin-down between −1.0×10^(−10) Hz/s and +1.5×10^(−11) Hz/s, and was based on a hierarchical approach. The starting point was a set of short Fast Fourier Transforms (FFT), of length 8192 seconds, built from the calibrated strain data. Aggressive… 
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All-sky search for periodic gravitational waves in the O1 LIGO data
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