First excavation of intact Middle Stone Age layers at Ysterfontein, Western Cape Province, South Africa: implications for Middle Stone Age ecology

@inproceedings{Halkett2003FirstEO,
  title={First excavation of intact Middle Stone Age layers at Ysterfontein, Western Cape Province, South Africa: implications for Middle Stone Age ecology},
  author={David Halkett and Timothy K. Hart and Royden Yates and Thomas P. Volman and J. E. Parkington and J. Robert Orton and Richard G. Klein and Kathryn Cruz-Uribe and G. William Avery},
  year={2003}
}
Abstract Excavations into a coastal cliff at Ysterfontein (YFT) 1, South Africa, have revealed 2.5–3 m of stratified sands containing classic Middle Stone Age (MSA) stone artifacts, abundant mussel and limpet shells, numerous fragments of ostrich eggshell, and somewhat rarer bones from mammals, birds, tortoises, and snakes. The sands apparently filled a crevice-like, calcrete shelter, where the artifacts and animal remains accumulated partly in place and perhaps partly through slippage down the… CONTINUE READING

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