First evidence of altered immune responses and resistance to air exposure in the clam Chamelea gallina exposed to benzo(a)pyrene.

@article{Matozzo2009FirstEO,
  title={First evidence of altered immune responses and resistance to air exposure in the clam Chamelea gallina exposed to benzo(a)pyrene.},
  author={Valerio Matozzo and Marta Monari and Jurgen Foschi and Otello Cattani and Gian Paolo Serrazanetti and Maria Gabriella Marin},
  journal={Archives of environmental contamination and toxicology},
  year={2009},
  volume={56 3},
  pages={479-88}
}
Effects of benzo(a)pyrene [B(a)P] (at a nominal concentration of 0.5 mg/L) on immune responses of the clam Chamelea gallina were investigated after 1, 7, and 12 days exposure. Total hemocyte count (THC), hemocyte volume, phagocytic activity, lysozyme-like activity in both hemocyte lysate (HL) and cell-free hemolymph (CFH) were measured. As unexpected alterations in hemocyte adhesion capability were observed in short-term hemocyte cultures for phagocytosis assays after a 1-day exposure, an… CONTINUE READING

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The LT(50 ) values fell from 9 days in control clams to 7 days in 1-day - exposed animals , and from 6 days in control clams to 5 days in 7-day - exposed bivalves .
The LT(50 ) values fell from 9 days in control clams to 7 days in 1-day - exposed animals , and from 6 days in control clams to 5 days in 7-day - exposed bivalves .
The LT(50 ) values fell from 9 days in control clams to 7 days in 1-day - exposed animals , and from 6 days in control clams to 5 days in 7-day - exposed bivalves .
The LT(50 ) values fell from 9 days in control clams to 7 days in 1-day - exposed animals , and from 6 days in control clams to 5 days in 7-day - exposed bivalves .
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