First detection of a Sesamia nonagrioides resistance allele to Bt maize in Europe


The Ebro Valley (Spain) is the only hotspot area in Europe where resistance evolution of target pests to Cry1Ab protein is most likely, owing to the high and regular adoption of Bt maize (>60%). The high-dose/refuge (HDR) strategy was implemented to delay resistance evolution, and to be effective it requires the frequency of resistance alleles to be very… (More)
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-21943-4


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