First complete pterosaur from the Afro-Arabian continent: insight into pterodactyloid diversity

  title={First complete pterosaur from the Afro-Arabian continent: insight into pterodactyloid diversity},
  author={Alexander Wilhelm Armin Kellner and Michael Wayne Caldwell and Borja Holgado and Fabio M Dalla Vecchia and Roy Nohra and Juliana Manso Say{\~a}o and Philip J. Currie},
  journal={Scientific Reports},
Despite being known from every continent, the geological record of pterosaurs, the first group of vertebrates to develop powered flight, is very uneven, with only a few deposits accounting for the vast majority of specimens and almost half of the taxonomic diversity. Among the regions that stand out for the greatest gaps of knowledge regarding these flying reptiles, is the Afro-Arabian continent, which has yielded only a small number of very fragmentary and incomplete materials. Here we fill… 
Morphology and Taxonomy of Quetzalcoatlus Lawson 1975 (Pterodactyloidea: Azhdarchoidea)
ABSTRACT Quetzalcoatlus is the largest flying organism ever known and one of the most familiar pterosaurs to the public. Despite a half century of interest, it remains very incompletely described.
On the validity of the genus Amblydectes Hooley 1914 (Pterodactyloidea, Anhangueridae) and the presence of Tropeognathinae in the Cambridge Greensand.
  • B. Holgado
  • Medicine
    Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias
  • 2021
The validity of Amblydectes crassidens is reassessed based on new anatomical comparisons and phylogenetic analysis, as well as the description of a new specimen, and it is confirmed as belonging to the clade Tropeognathinae, a recently proposed group of robust anhanguerids which have only been known so far from Gondwanan landmasses.
An unusual new genus of istiodactylid pterosaur from China based on a near complete specimen
A new genus and species of istiodactylid pterosaur, Luchibang xingzhe gen. et sp. nov., from the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation of China is erected based on a near complete specimen lacking only
A taxonomic and phylogenetic review of the anhanguerid pterosaur group Coloborhynchinae and the new clade Tropeognathinae
The analysis suggests that morphological evolution within anhanguerids was quite more complex than previously thought, with coloborhynchines representing the oldest recorded lineage of AnHangueridae, which achieved a worldwide distribution at least from the Aptian to the Cenomanian.
An anhanguerian pterodactyloid mandible from the lower Valanginian of Northern Germany, and the German record of Cretaceous pterosaurs
The record of Cretaceous pterosaur remains from Germany is sparse. The material recovered to date includes the fragmentary holotypes of Targaryendraco wiedenrothi and Ctenochasma roemeri, as well as
A Late Cretaceous Lonchodectid?
Christened Parirau ataroa, this taxon is found to be a lonchodectid, which alongside the North American Navajodactylus boerei extends this clade into the world’s youngest pterosaur faunas.
Taxonomy of the Lonchodectidae (Pterosauria, Pterodactyloidea)
The diagnostic characters for the Lonchodectidae are the presence of the palatal ridge, elevated alveolar margin of the upper and lower jaws, small teeth that are not varying in size, and a prominent mandibular crest.
Hjoula: A remarkable mid-Cenomanian Lebanese fossil fish Lagerstätte now promising also for fossil insects
Lebanon is worldwide famous in Palaeontology for its rich Late Cretaceous marine fish deposits in Haqel, Nammoura and Hjoula. Recently, the two latter outcrops yielded surprisingly some complete and
New fossil biting midge from the Lower Cretaceous amber of Lebanon (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)
A new species of the fossil genus Minyohelea from the lower Barremian (Lower Cretaceous) Lebanese amber is studied and its unusual male genitalia is compared with those of the other fossil representatives of this extinct genus.
The wandering jaws of Istiodactylus latidens (Pterosauria, Istiodactylidae)
Abstract A new specimen of the Early Cretaceous pterodactyloid pterosaur Istiodactylus latidens is described. This specimen in the Moscow Vernadsky State Geological Museum represents the associated


New toothed flying reptile from Asia: close similarities between early Cretaceous pterosaur faunas from China and Brazil
The new species is closely related to a rare taxon from the Brazilian Crato Formation, posing an interesting paleobiogeographic problem and supporting the hypothesis that at least some early Cretaceous pterosaur clades, such as the Tapejaridae and the Anhangueridae, might have originated in Asia.
Pterosaur diversity and faunal turnover in Cretaceous terrestrial ecosystems in China
Two new pterosaurs that are referred to European groups previously unknown in deposits of northeastern China are reported, showing a wide range of groups including both primitive and derived forms that are not matched by any other deposit in the world.
The Earliest Pterodactyloid and the Origin of the Group
Phylogenetic comparative methods support this reconstruction of a terrestrial origin and a predominantly terrestrial history for the Pterodactyloidea by means of a significant correlation between wing shape and environment also found in modern flying vertebrates, indicating that pterosaurs lived in or were at least adapted to the environments in which they were preserved.
Discovery of a pterodactylid pterosaur from the Yixian Formation of western Liaoning, China
A well-preserved pterosaur with nearly complete skull is described from the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation at Sihetun in western Liaoning. It is characterized by a low and long crestless skull,
New pterosaur material from the Upper Jurassic of Tendaguru (Tanzania), Africa
The pterosaur fossil record from Africa is exceedingly scarce and one of the least known for any continental land mass. The specimens here described are housed at the Naturkundemuseum of the Humboldt
On a new crested pterodactyloid from the Early Cretaceous of the Iberian Peninsula and the radiation of the clade Anhangueria
A new genus and species of toothed pterodactyloid pterosaur from the Barremian of the Iberian Peninsula is described that shows a close and rather unexpected relationship with Hamipterus tianshanensis from China and suggests that the clade Anhangueria has clear ancestral ties in eastern Laurasia.
A new species of Coloborhynchus (Pterosauria, Ornithocheiridae) from the mid-Cretaceous of North Africa
Abstract Pterosaur faunas experienced dramatic turnover between the Early and Late Cretaceous, but fossils documenting this transition are rare. The mid-Cretaceous Kem Kem beds of Morocco are one of
A New Crested Pterosaur from the Early Cretaceous of Spain: The First European Tapejarid (Pterodactyloidea: Azhdarchoidea)
The discovery of Europejara in the Barremian of the Iberian Peninsula reveals an earlier and broader global distribution of tapejarids, suggesting a Eurasian origin of this group.
Abstract Istiodactylus sinensis, sp. nov., from the Jiufotang Formation of Liaoning, People's Republic of China, is described on the basis of a single nearly complete and nearly osteologically adult
Although pterosaurs from Africa are still rare, in recent years several specimens have been described from the Kem Kem beds (Upper Cretaceous, Cenomanian) of Morocco. Here we describe four additional