First case of granulomatous amebic encephalitis caused by Acanthamoeba castellanii in Taiwan.

@article{Sheng2009FirstCO,
  title={First case of granulomatous amebic encephalitis caused by Acanthamoeba castellanii in Taiwan.},
  author={Wang-Huei Sheng and Chien-Ching Hung and Huai-Hsuan Huang and S Liang and Y J Cheng and Dar-Der Ji and S -S Chang},
  journal={The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene},
  year={2009},
  volume={81 2},
  pages={277-9}
}
We report the first case of granulomatous amebic encephalitis caused by Acanthamoeba in a previously healthy farmer in Taiwan who fell into a ditch. The DNA amplicons of amebas identified by polymerase chain reaction in the cerebrospinal fluid specimen and the ditch water specimens were identical and shared strong homology with A. castellanii . He survived after treatment with amphotericin B, rifampin, and corticosteroids.