First aid treatment of jellyfish stings in Australia Response to a newly differentiated species

  title={First aid treatment of jellyfish stings in Australia Response to a newly differentiated species},
  author={Peter J. Fenner and John A. Williamson and Joseph W. Burnett and Jacqueline F. Rifkin},
  journal={Medical Journal of Australia},
Vinegar has been shown to inhibit nematocyst discharge in Chironex fleckeri, the deadly north Australian box‐Jellyfish, and application of vinegar has become accepted first aid, not only for box‐jellyfish stings, but also for stings by other Australian jellyfish. However, in a newly differentiated species of Physalia in Australian waters, which causes severe envenomation, vinegar was found to cause discharge in up to 30% of nematocysts. In treating these stings, the use of vinegar is not… 
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There seems to be evidence and consensus on oral/topical analgesics, hot water and ice packs as effective painkillers and on 30 s application of domestic vinegar to prevent further discharge of unfired nematocysts remaining on the skin.
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  • D. Kaplan
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  • 2003
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