First Principles Calculation of the Topological Phases of the Photonic Haldane Model

  title={First Principles Calculation of the Topological Phases of the Photonic Haldane Model},
  author={Filipa R. Prud{\^e}ncio and M{\'a}rio G. Silveirinha},
Photonic topological materials with a broken time-reversal symmetry are characterized by nontrivial topological phases, such that they do not support propagation in the bulk region but forcibly support a nontrivial net number of unidirectional edge-states when enclosed by an opaque-type boundary, e.g., an electric wall. The Haldane model played a central role in the development of topological methods in condensed-matter systems, as it unveiled that a broken time-reversal symmetry is the… 

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