• Corpus ID: 141013577

First Nations and Higher Education: The Four R's--Respect, Relevance, Reciprocity, Responsibility.

@article{Kirkness1991FirstNA,
  title={First Nations and Higher Education: The Four R's--Respect, Relevance, Reciprocity, Responsibility.},
  author={Verna J. Kirkness and Ray Barnhardt},
  journal={The Journal of American Indian Education},
  year={1991},
  volume={30},
  pages={1-15}
}
American Indian/First Nations/Native people have been historically under-represented in the ranks of college and university graduates in Canada and the United States. From an institutional perspective, the problem has been typically defined in terms of low achievement, high attrition, poor retention, weak persistence, etc., thus placing the onus for adjustment on the student. From the perspective of the Indian student, however, the problem is often cast in more human terms, with an emphasis on… 

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