First Impressions

@article{Willis2006FirstI,
  title={First Impressions},
  author={Janine Willis and Alexander Todorov},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  year={2006},
  volume={17},
  pages={592 - 598}
}
People often draw trait inferences from the facial appearance of other people. We investigated the minimal conditions under which people make such inferences. In five experiments, each focusing on a specific trait judgment, we manipulated the exposure time of unfamiliar faces. Judgments made after a 100-ms exposure correlated highly with judgments made in the absence of time constraints, suggesting that this exposure time was sufficient for participants to form an impression. In fact, for all… Expand
EvaluaTiNg faCES ON TruSTwOrThiNESS afTEr miNimal TimE ExpOSurE
Previous studies have shown that trustworthiness judgments from facial appearance approximate general valence evaluation of faces (Oosterhof & Todorov, 2008) and are made after as little as 100 msExpand
Age-related differences in spontaneous trait judgments from facial appearance
  • Harriet L. Smailes, Joyce E. Humphries, +4 authors H. Flowe
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychiatry, psychology, and law : an interdisciplinary journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association of Psychiatry, Psychology and Law
  • 2018
TLDR
Judgement confidence increased with increasing exposure duration for both age groups, while older adults were less confident in their judgments overall than their young counterparts. Expand
Do social utility judgments influence attentional processing?
TLDR
This work investigates how trustworthiness judgments alter the allocation of attention to social stimuli in a set of two experiments using an attentional blink paradigm, and suggests that a stimulus's potential benefits, rather than its disadvantages, shape the automatic distribution of attentional resources. Expand
If time flies, are you more fun? The relative effect of expected exposure duration on the evaluation of social stimuli
Two studies investigated how expectancy violations of exposure duration affected preference for neutral faces. In two experiments, participants evaluated pictures of neutral faces, ostensibly exposedExpand
Evaluating Faces on Trustworthiness
  • A. Todorov
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 2008
TLDR
It is argued that face evaluation is an extension of functionally adaptive systems for understanding the communicative meaning of emotional expressions and predicts a nonlinear response in the amygdala to face trustworthiness, confirmed in functional magnetic resonance imaging studies, and dissociations between processing of facial identity and face evaluation, confirm in studies with developmental prosopagnosics. Expand
The Obligatory Nature of Holistic Processing of Faces in Social Judgments
TLDR
It is suggested that the initial pass of information is holistic and that additional time allows participants to partially ignore the task-irrelevant context. Expand
Within-Person Variability in First Impressions From Faces
TLDR
Across images, participants’ trustworthiness ratings tended to vary more than dominance, which in turn varied more than attractiveness, suggesting that these trait judgements are based to some degree on relatively invariant facial characteristics. Expand
Forming impressions of facial attractiveness is mandatory
TLDR
The results show that the formation of attractiveness impressions from faces is mandatory, thus broadening the evidence for automaticity of facial impressions in real-world situations such as online dating sites. Expand
Personality, Intelligence, and Attractiveness Judgments: The Accuracy of First Impressions
First impressions are prominent in our everyday interactions. The way that we perceive others, even if based only on physical appearance, can influence future interactions. The strength of firstExpand
Who Can You Trust? Behavioral and Neural Differences Between Perceptual and Memory-Based Influences
TLDR
Neural evidence of the processing of these two competing sources of information, such as analysis of facial features versus remembering specific information about the person, substantiates the conclusion that time pressure can selectively disrupt memory retrieval relevant to trustworthiness attributions. Expand
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