First Evidence of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in China: Discovery of Chytridiomycosis in Introduced American Bullfrogs and Native Amphibians in the Yunnan Province, China

  title={First Evidence of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in China: Discovery of Chytridiomycosis in Introduced American Bullfrogs and Native Amphibians in the Yunnan Province, China},
  author={Changming Bai and Trenton W. J. Garner and Yiming Li},
Although the chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), the etiological agent of amphibian chytridiomycosis, has been implicated in mass mortality and population declines on several continents around the world, there have been no reports on the presence of Bd infections in amphibians in China. We employed quantitative PCR and histological techniques to investigate the presence of Bd in introduced North American bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana) (referred to hereafter as bullfrog) and native… 

Filling a gap in the distribution of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis: evidence in amphibians from northern China.

It is suggested that urgent implementation of measures is required to reduce the possibility of further spread or inadvertent introduction of Bd to China, and whether Bd in northern China belongs to endemic and/or exotic genotypes, and this should be the focus of future research.

Dynamics of Chytrid Fungus (Batrachochytrium Dendrobatidis) Infection in Amphibians in the Rincon Mountains and Tucson, Arizona

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A survey for Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans in Chinese amphibians

The absence of Bs observed in this large-scale survey in China has significant implications for amphibian conservation and for border trade management strategies intended to control amphibian diseases.

Endemic Asian Chytrid Strain Infection in Threatened and Endemic Anurans of the Northern Western Ghats, India

The occurrence of Batrachochytridium dendrobatidis (Bd), an epidermal aquatic fungal pathogen that causes chytridiomycosis in amphibians, from the Western Ghats is reported and the significance of diseases as potential threat to amphibian populations of the WesternGhats needs to be highlighted from the conservation point of view.

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First detection of the amphibian chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in free-ranging populations of amphibians on mainland Asia: survey in South Korea.

Results confirm that Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, the amphibian chytrid fungus causing this disease, is present in South Korea and, hence, on the Asian mainland.

Survey for the amphibian chytrid Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Hong Kong in native amphibians and in the international amphibian trade.

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Chytridiomycosis in frogs of Mount Gede Pangrango, Indonesia.

It is essential to manage Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Indonesia where it is likely to be threatening amphibian populations, and a national strategy to mitigate the spread of Bd in Indonesia and neighboring countries is required.

Transmission of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis within and between amphibian life stages.

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The emerging amphibian pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis globally infects introduced populations of the North American bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana

The bullfrog is the most commonly farmed amphibian, and escapes and subsequent establishment of feral populations regularly occur, which suggest that the global threat of B. dendrobatidis disease transmission posed by bullfrogs is significant.

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Results provide the first experimental evidence that bullfrogs can be infected by Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, but are relatively resistant to the disease chytridiomycosis, which is lethal to many other amphibian species.