First All-Sky Search for Continuous Gravitational Waves from Unknown Sources in Binary Systems

  title={First All-Sky Search for Continuous Gravitational Waves from Unknown Sources in Binary Systems},
  author={The Ligo Scientific Collaboration and The Virgo Collaboration J. Aasi and Brad Abbott and Richard J. Abbott and T. M. C. Abbott and Matthew Robert Abernathy and T. Accadia and Fausto Acernese and Kendall Ackley and Carl Adams and Todd Adams and Paolo Addesso and Rana X. Adhikari and Christoph Affeldt and Michalis Agathos and Nancy Aggarwal and Odylio D. Aguiar and Anirban Ain and Parameswaran Ajith and A. Alemic and Bruce Allen and Annalisa Allocca and Daniel Amariutei and M. Andersen and R. A. Anderson and Stuart B. Anderson and Warren G. Anderson and Koji Arai and M. C. Araya and C. C. Arceneaux and Joseph S. Areeda and Stuart M. Aston and Pia Astone and Peter Aufmuth and C. Aulbert and L. Austin and Benjamin Aylott and Stanislav Babak and Paul T. Baker and Giulio Ballardin and Stefan W. Ballmer and J. C. B. Barayoga and Mark C. Barbet and Barry C. Barish and Daniel H. N. Barker and Fabrizio Barone and B. W. Barr and Lisa Barsotti and Matteo Barsuglia and Mark Andrew Barton and Imre Bartos and Riccardo Bassiri and Andrea Basti and J. C. Batch and J{\"o}ran Bauchrowitz and Th. S. Bauer and Beate Behnke and Michał Bejger and M. G. Beker and Chris Belczynski and A. S. Bell and C. J. Bell and Gerald Bergmann and Diego Bersanetti and Alessandro Bertolini and J Betzwieser and P. T. Beyersdorf and I. A. Bilenko and G Billingsley and Jeremy Birch and Sebastien Biscans and Massimiliano Bitossi and M. A. Bizouard and Eric D. Black and James Kent Blackburn and Lindy L. Blackburn and David G Blair and Steven Bloemen and Mathieu Blom and Oliver Bock and T. P. Bodiya and Michel Boer and Gilles Bogaert and Christina Bogan and Charlotte Z. Bond and F. Bondu and L. Bonelli and Romain Bonnand and R. G. Bork and Michael Born and Valerio Boschi and Sukanta Bose and L. Bosi and C. Bradaschia and Patrick R. Brady and V. B. Braginsky and Marica Branchesi and James E. Brau and Tristan Briant and D. O. Bridges and A. Brillet and Martin Brinkmann and V. Brisson and A. F. Brooks and D. A. Brown and D D Brown and Frank Bruckner and Sasha Buchman and Tomasz Bulik and H. J. Bulten and Alessandra Buonanno and Ronald R. Burman and D. Buskulic and Christelle Buy and Laura Cadonati and Gianpietro Cagnoli and Juan Calder{\'o}n Bustillo and Enrico Calloni and Jordan B. Camp and Paul Campsie and Kipp C. Cannon and Benjamin Canuel and J. Cao and C. D. Capano and Franco Carbognani and Ludovico Carbone and Santiago Caride and Anthony Castiglia and Sarah Caudill and Marco Cavagli{\`a} and F. Cavalier and R. Cavalieri and Charles Celerier and Giancarlo Cella and Carlos Cepeda and Elisa Cesarini and R. Chakraborty and Tara Chalermsongsak and Sydney JoAnne Chamberlin and S. Chao and P R Charlton and {\'E}ric Chassande-Mottin and X. Chen and Y. R. Chen and Andrea Chincarini and Antonino Chiummo and H. S. Cho and Jong H. Chow and Nelson Christensen and Qi Chu and Sheon S Y Chua and S. Chung and Giacomo Ciani and Filiberto Clara and J A Clark and F. Cleva and Eugenio Coccia and P.-F. Cohadon and Alberto Colla and Christophe Collette and Maria Perla Colombini and Lynn R. Cominsky and Marcio Constancio and Andrea Conte and D. Cook and T. R. Corbitt and Mark Cordier and Neil J. Cornish and A. Corpuz and Alessandra Corsi and C. A. Costa and Michael W. Coughlin and S Coughlin and J.-P. Coulon and Stefanie Countryman and Peter Couvares and D. M. Coward and M. J. Cowart and D. C. Coyne and Robert Coyne and Kieran Craig and Jolien D. E. Creighton and Teviet Creighton and S. Gwynne Crowder and Andrew Cumming and L. Cunningham and Elena Cuoco and Katrin Dahl and Tito Dal Canton and Marcin Damjanic and S L Danilishin and Sabrina D’Antonio and Karsten Danzmann and Vincenzino Dattilo and H. P. Daveloza and M. Davier and G. S. Davies and E J Daw and Richard N. Day and Thilina Dayanga and Gergely Debreczeni and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Degallaix and Samuel Del'eglise and Walter del Pozzo and Thomas Denker and Thomas Dent and H. Dereli and Vladimir Dergachev and Rosario De Rosa and R. T. Derosa and Riccardo DeSalvo and Sanjeev V. Dhurandhar and M. C. D'iaz and L. Di Fiore and Alberto Di Lieto and I. Di Palma and Angela Di Virgilio and Axel Donath and Frederick J. Donovan and K L Dooley and Suresh Doravari and S. Dossa and Rebecca Douglas and Turlough P. Downes and M. Drago and Ronald W. P. Drever and J C Driggers and Zhihui Du and Sheila E. Dwyer and Tobias Eberle and Tega Boro Edo and Matthew C. Edwards and Anamaria Effler and H. B. Eggenstein and Phil Ehrens and Jan Eichholz and Stephen S. Eikenberry and G. EndrHoczi and Reed Essick and Taylor M. Etzel and Matthew Evans and Timothy Evans and Maxim Factourovich and V Fafone and Stephen Fairhurst and Qi Fang and Stefania Farinon and Benjamin Farr and Will M. Farr and Marc Favata and H. Fehrmann and Martin M. Fejer and David Feldbaum and Farhan Feroz and I. Ferrante and Federico Ferrini and Francesco Fidecaro and Lee Samuel Finn and Irene Fiori and Rebecca Fisher and R. Flaminio and J.-D. Fournier and S. Franco and Sergio Frasca and F. Frasconi and Maik Frede and Zsolt Frei and Andreas Freise and Raymond E. Frey and T. T. Fricke and P. Fritschel and Valery Victor Frolov and P. J. Fulda and Matthew Fyffe and Jonathan R. Gair and Luca Gammaitoni and Sampada Gaonkar and F. Garufi and N. C. Gehrels and Gianluca Gemme and Emmanuelle G{\'e}nin and A. Gennai and S. Ghosh and J. A. Giaime and K. D. Giardina and A. Giazotto and C. Gill and Joseph Gleason and Evan Goetz and Ryan P. Goetz and L{\'a}szl{\'o} Gond{\'a}n and Gabriela Gonz'alez and N. A. Gordon and Michael L. Gorodetsky and Sarah E. Gossan and Stefan Gossler and R. Gouaty and Christian Graf and Philip Graff and Massimo Granata and A. Grant and Slawomir Gras and C. Gray and R. Justin S. Greenhalgh and A M Gretarsson and Paul J. Groot and Hartmut Grote and Katherine Grover and S. Grunewald and G. Guidi and Christopher Guido and Kaitlin E. Gushwa and Eric K. Gustafson and Richard Gustafson and David Hammer and Giles D. Hammond and M. M. Hanke and Jonathan Hanks and Chad Hanna and James E. Hanson and Jan Harms and Gregory M. Harry and I. W. Harry and Elizabeth Harstad and M. J. Hart and Michael T. Hartman and Carl-Johan Haster and K. Haughian and Antoine Heidmann and Matthew Heintze and H. Heitmann and P. Hello and Gary Hemming and Martin Hendry and Ik Siong Heng and Alastair Heptonstall and Mich{\`e}le Heurs and Martin Hewitson and Stefan Hild and David C. Hoak and Kari Alison Hodge and K. Holt and Shaun Hooper and Philip F. Hopkins and D. J. Hosken and James Hough and E J Howell and Y. M. Hu and Eliu A. Huerta and Barbara J. Hughey and Sascha Husa and S. H. Huttner and M. Huynh and T. Huynh--Dinh and D. R. Ingram and Ra Inta and Tomoki Isogai and Andrew Ivanov and Bala R. Iyer and Keisuke Izumi and M. B. Jacobson and E. James and H. J. Jang and Piotr Jaranowski and Y. H. Ji and F. Jim'enez-Forteza and W. W. Johnson and D. I. Jones and R. Jones and R. J. G. Jonker and Li Ju and K. Haris and Peter Kalmus and Vassiliki Kalogera and S Kandhasamy and G. Kang and Jonah Kanner and Johan Karl{\'e}n and Marie Kasprzack and Erotokritos Katsavounidis and William G. Katzman and Henning Kaufer and Keita Kawabe and Fumiko Kawazoe and Fabien K'ef'elian and G. M. Keiser and David Keitel and David Bruce Kelley and William P. Kells and Alexander Khalaidovski and Farid Ya. Khalili and E. A. Khazanov and C. Kim and K. Kim and N. G. Kim and N. G. Kim and Y.-M. Kim and Eleanor J King and P. J. King and D. L. Kinzel and J S Kissel and Sergey Klimenko and J. T. Kline and S. M. Koehlenbeck and Keiko Kokeyama and V. T. Kondrashov and Scott Koranda and William Z Korth and Izabela Jonek Kowalska and Darby Kozak and Anthony Kremin and V. Kringel and Badri Krishnan and Andrzej Kr'olak and G. Kuehn and A. Kumar and P. Kumar and R. Kumar and L. Kuo and Adam Kutynia and Patrick Kwee and Michael Landry and Brian Lantz and Shane L. Larson and Paul D. Lasky and Craig Lawrie and Albert Lazzarini and C Lazzaro and Paola Leaci and Sean Leavey and Eric O. Lebigot and C-H. Lee and H. K. Lee and H. m. Lee and J. J. Lee and Matteo Leonardi and Jonathan Leong and Adrien Le Roux and Nicolas Leroy and Nicolas Letendre and Yuri Levin and B. M. Levine and Jeffrey B. Lewis and T. G. F. Li and Kenneth George Libbrecht and Adam A. Libson and Angie C. Lin and Tyson B. Littenberg and V. Litvine and N. A. Lockerbie and Vera Lockett and Deepali Lodhia and Kevin Michael Loew and Joshua Logue and A. L. Lombardi and Marco Lorenzini and Vincent Loriette and Marc Lormand and Giovanni Losurdo and James Lough and M. J. Lubinski and Harald Luck and Erik Luijten and Andrew Lundgren and R. Lynch and Y. Ma and John Macarthur and E. P. Macdonald and T. Macdonald and B. Machenschalk and Myron Macinnis and D Macleod and Fabian Maga{\~n}a-Sandoval and M. Mageswaran and Concetta Maglione and K. Mailand and E. Majorana and I. Maksimovic and Valeria Malvezzi and Na Man and Gian Mario Manca and Ilya Mandel and Vuk Mandic and Vanessa Mangano and Nicholas Mangini and Maddalena Mantovani and Fabio Marchesoni and F. Marion and Szabolcs M'arka and Zsuzsa M'arka and Ashot Markosyan and Edward Maros and J. Marque and F. Martelli and Iain W. Martin and R. M. Martin and L. Martinelli and Denis Martynov and J. N. Marx and K. O. Mason and A. Masserot and Thomas Massinger and F. Matichard and Luca Matone and Richard A. Matzner and Nergis Mavalvala and N. Mazumder and Giulio Mazzolo and R. McCarthy and D. E. McClelland and Scott C. McGuire and G. McIntyre and Jess McIver and Kevin M. McLin and Duncan Meacher and Grant David Meadors and Moritz Mehmet and Jeroen Meidam and Melanie Meinders and Andrew Melatos and Greg Mendell and R. A. Mercer and Sydney Meshkov and Chris Messenger and Patrick M. Meyers and Haixing Miao and Christophe Michel and Eugeniy Mikhailov and Leopoldo Milano and Stefan Milde and J. R. Miller and Yury Minenkov and Chiara M. F. Mingarelli and Chandra Kant Mishra and Subhasish Mitra and Vp. Mitrofanov and Gena Mitselmakher and Richard K Mittleman and Brian Moe and Philipp Moesta and M. Mohan and Satyanarayan Ray Pitambar Mohapatra and Daniel Moraru and Gerardo Moreno and N. Morgado and S. R. Morriss and Kasem Mossavi and B. Mours and Conor M Mow-Lowry and Chris L Mueller and Guido Mueller and Subroto Mukherjee and Adam J Mullavey and Jesper Munch and David Murphy and P. G. Murray and Antonis Mytidis and M{\'a}t{\'e} Ferenc Nagy and D. Nanda Kumar and Ilaria Nardecchia and L. Naticchioni and Rabindranath Nayak and Valentin Necula and Gijs Nelemans and Igor Neri and MorgantiN. Neri and G. P. Newton and T. T. Nguyen and Alexander H. Nitz and F. Nocera and Dan Nolting and Marc Eric Normandin and Laura K Nuttall and Evan Ochsner and Joseph O'Dell and Eric Oelker and J J Oh and S. H. Oh and Frank Ohme and Patrick Oppermann and Brian O'reilly and Richard O’Shaughnessy and Charles Osthelder and David J. Ottaway and R. S. Ottens and Harry Overmier and B. J. Owen and Cinthia Padilla and Archana Pai and O. V. Palashov and Cristiano Palomba and H. I. Pan and Y. B. Pan and Chris Pankow and Federico Paoletti and Riccardo Paoletti and Maria Alessandra Papa and H. R. Paris and A. Pasqualetti and R. Passaquieti and D. Passuello and M. Pedraza and Stephen Penn and Antonio Perreca and M. Phelps and Mikhael Pichot and M. Pickenpack and Francesco Piergiovanni and Vincenzo Pierro and L. Pinard and Innocenzo M. Pinto and Matthew Pitkin and J. H. Poeld and R. Poggiani and A. K. Poteomkin and Jade Powell and Jayanti Prasad and Sammanani Shakya Premachandra and Tanner Prestegard and Larry R. Price and M. Prijatelj and S. Privitera and Reinhard Prix and Giovanni Andrea Prodi and L G Prokhorov and Oliver Puncken and M. Punturo and P. Puppo and Jiayi Qin and Volker Quetschke and Eric Antonio Quintero and G. Quiroga and Ryan Quitzow-James and F. J. Raab and D. S. Rabeling and Istv'an R'acz and Hugh Radkins and P{\'e}ter Raffai and Sendhil Raja and G. Rajalakshmi and Malik Rakhmanov and Celine Ramet and K. E. Ramirez and P. Rapagnani and V Raymond and Virginia Re and Jocelyn Read and C. M. Reed and Tania Regimbau and Stuart Reid and D. H. Reitze and Elaine Rhoades and F. Ricci and Keith Riles and N. A. Robertson and Florent Robinet and Alessandro Rocchi and Michael Rodruck and Lo{\"i}c Rolland and Jameson Graef Rollins and Rocco Romano and Gleb Romanov and J. H. Romie and D. Rosi'nska and Sheila Rowan and A. Rudiger and P. Ruggi and Kris Ryan and Francesco Salemi and Letizia Sammut and V. D. Sandberg and Joyce Sanders and Virginio Sannibale and I. Santiago-Prieto and Emeline Saracco and Beno{\^i}t Sassolas and Bangalore Sathyaprakash and Peter Saulson and Richard L. Savage and Jacob Scheuer and Roland Schilling and Roman Schnabel and Robert M. S. Schofield and Emil Schreiber and Daniel R. Schuette and Bernard F. Schutz and J. Scott and Susan M. Scott and Danny Sellers and Anand S. Sengupta and Daniel Sentenac and Valeria Sequino and A. S. Sergeev and Daniel A. Shaddock and Shams Ullah Shah and M. Selim Shahriar and Miroslav Shaltev and B. Shapiro and Peter Shawhan and D. H. Shoemaker and Trevor Sidery and Karelle Siellez and Xavier Siemens and Daniel Sigg and Denis Simakov and Andrej Singer and Leo P. Singer and R. Singh and Alicia M. Sintes and Bram J. J. Slagmolen and Jacob Slutsky and J. R. Smith and M. Smith and R Smith and Nicol{\'a}s Smith-Lefebvre and E J Son and Borja Sorazu and Tarun Souradeep and Laura Sperandio and Alexa Staley and John Stebbins and Jessica Steinlechner and S. Steinlechner and Branson C. Stephens and S. Steplewski and Simon Stevenson and Robert Stone and D. J. Stops and Kenneth Strain and Nicolas Straniero and Sergey Strigin and Riccardo Sturani and Amber L. Stuver and Tiffany Summerscales and Sunil Susmithan and P. Sutton and Bas Swinkels and Matteo Tacca and Dipongkar Talukder and David B. Tanner and S. P. Tarabrin and R. D. Taylor and A. P. M. ter Braack and Mirunalini Thirugnanasambandam and M. Thomas and Pieter Thomas and Keith A. Thorne and Kip S. Thorne and Eric Thrane and Vaibhav Tiwari and K. Tokmakov and C. Tomlinson and Alessandra Toncelli and Mauro Tonelli and O. Torre and Cristina Torres and Calum I. Torrie and Flavio Travasso and Gary Traylor and M. Tse and Dennis Wayne Ugolini and C. S. Unnikrishnan and Alexander L. Urban and Karel E. Urbanek and Henning Vahlbruch and Gabriele Vajente and Guillermo Valdes and Michele Vallisneri and J. F. J. van den Brand and Chris van den Broeck and S. van. der. Putten and Mv van der Sluys and Joris van Heijningen and A. A. van Veggel and Steve Vass and M'aty'as Vas'uth and Ruslan Vaulin and Alberto Vecchio and Gabriele Vedovato and John Veitch and Peter J. Veitch and Krishna Venkateswara and D. Verkindt and S. S. Verma and F. Vetrano and Andrea Vicer'e and Rachel E. Vincent-Finley and J.-Y. Vinet and Salvatore Vitale and Thomas Vo and Helios Vocca and Cheryl Vorvick and W. D. Vousden and S. P. Vyachanin and Andrew R. Wade and Leslie E. Wade and Madeline Wade and Marissa Walker and L. Wallace and M. Wang and X. F. Wang and Robert L. Ward and Michal Was and Betsy Weaver and L.-W. Wei and Michael Weinert and Alan J. Weinstein and Rainer Weiss and Timothy A. Welborn and Longping Wen and Peter Wessels and M. West and Tobias Westphal and Karl Wette and John T. Whelan and Darren J. White and Bernard F Whiting and Karsten Wiesner and Clive R. Wilkinson and K. J. Williams and L. Williams and R. Williams and T. Williams and Andrew R. Williamson and Josh Willis and Benno Willke and M. H. Wimmer and Walter Winkler and Christopher C. Wipf and A. G. Wiseman and Holger Wittel and Graham Woan and John R. Worden and Joshua Yablon and Igor Yakushin and H. Yamamoto and Cregg C. Yancey and H. Yang and Z. Yang and Sanichiro Yoshida and M. Yvert and A. K. Zadro.zny and Michele Zanolin and Jean Pierre Zendri and Fan Zhang and L. Zhang and C Zhao and X J Zhu and Michael Edward Zucker and Sarah Zuraw and J. G. Zweizig},
  journal={Physical Review D},
We present the first results of an all-sky search for continuous gravitational waves from unknown spinning neutron stars in binary systems using LIGO and Virgo data. Using a specially developed analysis program, the TwoSpect algorithm, the search was carried out on data from the sixth LIGO Science Run and the second and third Virgo Science Runs. The search covers a range of frequencies from 20 Hz to 520 Hz, a range of orbital periods from 2 to ~2,254 h and a frequency- and period-dependent… 
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All-sky search for continuous gravitational waves from isolated neutron stars using Advanced LIGO O2 data
We present results of an all-sky search for continuous gravitational waves (CWs), which can be produced by fast spinning neutron stars with an asymmetry around their rotation axis, using data from
Improved all-sky search method for continuous gravitational waves from unknown neutron stars in binary systems
A new all-sky binary search method is presented, BinarySkyHou F, which is both more sensitive and computationally efficient, which allows for broader and more sensitive searches.
Characterizing the sensitivity of isolated continuous gravitational wave searches to binary orbits
The sensitivity of CW searches to signals from sources in binary systems over an exhaustive range of binary orbits is investigated and Monte-Carlo simulations are used to constrain the ranges of binary orbital parameters that leave a CW signal from a source in a binary orbit visible in a search for signals from an isolated source.
An autocorrelation method to detect periodic gravitational waves from neutron stars in binary systems
Rotating, non-axisymmetric neutron stars are expected to emit continuous gravitational waves at a nearly stable frequency. Nowadays about 2500 pulsars have been detected, thanks to their beamed
First All-Sky Search for Continuous Gravitational-Wave Signals from Unknown Neutron Stars in Binary Systems Using Advanced LIGO Data.
This is the first time that Advanced LIGO data and the recently developed BinarySkyHough pipeline have been used in a search for continuous gravitational waves from unknown neutron stars in binary systems with orbital period between 15 and 45 days.
Upper Limits on Gravitational Waves from Scorpius X-1 from a Model-Based Cross-Correlation Search in Advanced LIGO Data
We present the results of a semicoherent search for continuous gravitational waves from the low-mass X-ray binary Scorpius X-1, using data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run. The search
All-sky search for long-duration gravitational wave transients with initial LIGO
We present the results of a search for long-duration gravitational wave transients in two sets of data collected by the LIGO Hanford and LIGO Livingston detectors between November 5, 2005 and
Banks of templates for all-sky narrow-band searches of gravitational waves from spinning neutron stars
We construct efficient banks of templates suitable for all-sky narrow-band searches of almost monochromatic gravitational waves originating from spinning neutron stars in our Galaxy in data collected


Numerical Recipes in C: The Art of Sci-entific Computing
This is the revised and greatly expanded Second Edition of the hugely popular Numerical Recipes, with over 100 new routines (now well over 300 in all), plus upgraded versions of many of the original routines.
Monthly Notices is one of the three largest general primary astronomical research publications and this article 1 describes its publication policy and practice.
The LIGO Scientific Collaboration
A listing of members of the LIGO Scientific Collaboration is given in the PDF file.
Classical Quantum Gravity 28
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Classical and Quantum Gravity 28
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LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration)
  • Phys. Rev. D
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The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration)
  • Phys. Rev. D
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Applied Statistics. A Journal of the Royal Statistical Society
Numerical Recipes: The Art of Scientific Computing