Firearms and Military Adaptation: The Ottomans and the European Military Revolution, 1450–1800

  title={Firearms and Military Adaptation: The Ottomans and the European Military Revolution, 1450–1800},
  author={Gabor Agoston},
  journal={Journal of World History},
  pages={124 - 85}
  • Gabor Agoston
  • Published 1 August 2014
  • History
  • Journal of World History
The mass adoption of firearms as a tool of warfare dramatically changed the nature of military conflict from the mid fifteenth century onward, prompting historians of early modern Europe to describe the changes as a “gunpowder revolution” or “Military Revolution”—a thesis that provoked a spirited scholarly debate in the 1990s. Although the original concept, as set forth by Michael Roberts in 1955, did not single out firearms technology, in the influential elaboration of the thesis by Geoffrey… 

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