Firearms Legislation and Reductions in Firearm-Related Suicide Deaths in New Zealand

  title={Firearms Legislation and Reductions in Firearm-Related Suicide Deaths in New Zealand},
  author={Annette L. Beautrais and David Fergusson and L. John Horwood},
  journal={Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry},
  pages={253 - 259}
Objective: To examine the impact of introducing more restrictive firearms legislation (Amendment to the Arms Act, 1992) in New Zealand on suicides involving firearms. Method: National suicide data were examined for 8 years before, and 10 years following the introduction of the legislation. Results: After legislation, the mean annual rate of firearm-related suicides decreased by 46% for the total population (p < 0.0001), 66% for youth (15–24 years; p < 0.0001) and 39% for adults (≥25 years; p… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Firearms regulation and declining rates of male suicide in Quebec

The Joinpoint regression models suggest that firearm suicide rates declined towards the end of the 1990s, and total suicide rates also declined among men aged 15–34 and 35–64 years during this period.

Access to Firearms Among People Assessed by Psychiatric Services in the Emergency Department

Firearm ownership and access is an essential component of a suicide risk assessment and remains unknown in half of individuals seen by psychiatry in this tertiary care ED sample in Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Decrease in suicide rates after a change of policy reducing access to firearms in adolescents: a naturalistic epidemiological study.

The results of this study illustrate the ability of a relatively simple change in policy to have a major impact on suicide rates.

Firearm legislation reform in the European Union: impact on firearm availability, firearm suicide and homicide rates in Austria

Evidence is provided that the introduction of restrictive firearm legislation effectively reduced the rates of firearm suicide and homicide in Austria, and should be an integral part of national suicide prevention programmes in countries with high firearm suicide rates.

Firearms, hanging, and drowning suicides in the Republic of ireland.

The findings have implications for awareness training for suicide prevention workers and for those concerned with Ireland's increasingly liberal firearms climate.

Gun-Control Legislation and the Impact on Suicide.

It is concluded that, although not equally applicable in all countries, gun control may well have significant applications in reducing suicide worldwide.

Worldwide suicide mortality trends by firearm (1990–2019): A joinpoint regression analysis

The mortality of suicide by firearm had a decreasing tendency from 1990 to 2019 in both sexes together, and was observed in majority of countries across the world, but not in all.



Current Trends in Youth Suicide and Firearms Regulations

  • A. CheungC. Dewa
  • Medicine
    Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique
  • 2005
The results suggest a possible association between changes in the firearms act in 1991 and the methods used by youth to complete suicide, however, the overall rates of suicides did not change over this same period, underscore the need for broader prevention interventions that do not solely focus on methods of suicide but rather, their underlying causes.

Firearms and suicide in the northeast.

Firearm prevalence was positively related to the suicide rate, even after controlling for rates of attempted suicide, and could not be accounted for by differences in method-specific case fatality rates.

Firearm regulations and rates of suicide. A comparison of two metropolitan areas.

It is concluded that restricting access to handguns might be expected to reduce the suicide rate in persons 15 to 24 years old, but that it probably would not reduce the overall suicide rate.

Firearm related deaths: the impact of regulatory reform

Dramatic reductions in overall firearm related deaths and particularly suicides by firearms were achieved in the context of the implementation of strong regulatory reform in Victoria over 22 years.

Safer storage of firearms at home and risk of suicide: a study of protective factors in a nationally representative sample

Those who stored their firearms locked or unloaded, or both, were less likely to commit suicide by firearms and further supports the utility of devices and practices intended to reduce the likelihood of unauthorised or impulsive use of firearms.

Association between youth-focused firearm laws and youth suicides.

There is evidence that CAP laws are associated with a modest reduction in suicide rates among youth aged 14 to 17 years, and minimum age restrictions for the purchase and possession of firearms do not appear to reduce overall rates of suicide among youth.

Gun Control Law (BILL C-17), Suicide, and Homicide in Canada

Analysis showed a significant decrease after passage of Bill C-17 in the rates of suicides and homicides involving firearms and the percentage of suicides using firearms, providing support for the position that restricting the availability of firearms as a lethal means of committing suicide and homicide may help reduce the numbers of suicide and homicides.

Effects of restrictive licensing of handguns on homicide and suicide in the District of Columbia.

BACKGROUND Whether restricting access to handguns will reduce firearm-related homicides and suicides is currently a matter of intense debate. In 1976 the District of Columbia adopted a law that

Gun Availability and Use of Guns for Suicide, Homicide, and Murder in Canada

A reliability check of Lester's (2000b) 1970–1995 time series that examined associations between the availability of firearms and their use for homicide and suicide in Canada found there was a decrease over time of total suicide and homicide rates and firearm suicide and homicides rates, and with a slight indication of substitution of other methods for suicide.


It appears that Bill C-51 may have had an impact on suicide rates, even after controls for social variables.