Firearm legislation and firearm mortality in the USA: a cross-sectional, state-level study

@article{Kalesan2016FirearmLA,
  title={Firearm legislation and firearm mortality in the USA: a cross-sectional, state-level study},
  author={Bindu Kalesan and Matthew E. Mobily and Olivia Keiser and Jeffrey A. Fagan and Sandro Galea},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2016},
  volume={387},
  pages={1847-1855}
}
BACKGROUND In an effort to reduce firearm mortality rates in the USA, US states have enacted a range of firearm laws to either strengthen or deregulate the existing main federal gun control law, the Brady Law. We set out to determine the independent association of different firearm laws with overall firearm mortality, homicide firearm mortality, and suicide firearm mortality across all US states. We also projected the potential reduction of firearm mortality if the three most strongly… Expand
State Gun Laws and Pediatric Firearm-Related Mortality
TLDR
In this 5-year analysis, states with stricter gun laws and laws requiring universal background checks for firearm purchase had lower firearm-related pediatric mortality rates, supporting the need for further investigation to understand the impact of firearm legislation on pediatric mortality. Expand
Firearm laws and the network of firearm movement among US states
TLDR
The effectiveness of state-level firearm-restricting laws is complicated by a network of interstate firearm movement, which is associated with less movement of firearms to other states, but with more movement of Firearms from outside states. Expand
Firearm Laws and Firearm Homicides: A Systematic Review
TLDR
The strength of firearm legislation in general, and laws related to strengthening background checks and permit-to-purchase in particular, is associated with decreased firearm homicide rates. Expand
State Firearm Laws and Interstate Firearm Deaths From Homicide and Suicide in the United States: A Cross-sectional Analysis of Data by County
TLDR
Strong state firearm policies were associated with lower suicide rates and lower overall suicide rates regardless of the strength of the other states’ laws, and strong interstate policies were also associated with higher homicide rates, where home state policies were permissive. Expand
Firearm Deaths in America: Can We Learn From 462,000 Lives Lost?
TLDR
Restrictive firearm legislation is associated with decreased pediatric, unintentional, suicide, and overall FFR, but homicide and Black FFR appear unaffected. Expand
Neighbors Do Matter: Between-State Firearm Laws and State Firearm-Related Deaths in the U.S., 2000-2017.
TLDR
Weaker gun laws in neighboring states may undermine the effectiveness of a state's own firearm laws in curbing firearm deaths, and Coordinated legislative action across neighboringStates may be more effective than an individual state taking legislative action. Expand
American firearm homicides: The impact of your neighbors
TLDR
The results suggest that firearm movement across states plays an important role in firearm homicides and accounting for firearm legislation in both individual and neighboring states may improve the understanding of the relationship between firearm legislation and homicide. Expand
No Silver Bullet: Firearm Laws and Pediatric Death Prevention
TLDR
The association of pediatric firearm fatality rates with stricter state gun laws in aggregate and with a focus on 3 specific laws is analyzed, identified as universal background checks for firearm purchase, background Checks for ammunition purchase, and firearm identification requirements with microstamping. Expand
Firearm Legislation and Fatal Police Shootings in the United States
TLDR
Legislative restrictions on firearms are associated with reductions in fatal police shootings in the United States and laws aimed at strengthening background checks, promoting safe storage, and reducing gun trafficking were associated with fewer fatalPolice shootings. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 48 REFERENCES
Firearm legislation and firearm-related fatalities in the United States.
TLDR
A higher number of firearm laws in a state are associated with a lower rate of firearm fatalities in the state, overall and for suicides and homicides individually, as well as an ecological and cross-sectional method. Expand
Firearm death rates and association with level of firearm purchase background check.
TLDR
Methods to increase local-level agency background checks, such as authorizing local police or sheriff's departments to conduct them, or developing the capability to share local- level records with federal databases, should be evaluated as a means of reducing firearm deaths. Expand
Children are safer in states with strict firearm laws: A National Inpatient Sample study
TLDR
Children living in states with strict firearm legislation are safer, and efforts to improve and standardize national firearm control laws are warranted. Expand
Mixed Impact of Firearms Restrictions on Fatal Firearm Injuries in Males: A National Observational Study
TLDR
A 1990 regulation, requiring a police permit before acquiring a shotgun, had a beneficial impact on suicide in the total sample and in those aged 15–34 years, and the findings suggest that two laws could have contributed to reduce male firearm mortality. Expand
Gun ownership and firearm-related deaths.
TLDR
The number of guns per capita per country was a strong and independent predictor of firearm-related death in a given country, whereas the predictive power of the mental illness burden was of borderline significance in a multivariable model. Expand
State firearm laws, firearm ownership, and safety practices among families of preschool-aged children.
TLDR
Broader firearm legislation is linked with the efficacy of child-specific legislation in promoting responsible firearm ownership and storage, with unsafe storage least likely among families in states with both CAP laws and stronger firearm legislation. Expand
State-specific, racial and ethnic heterogeneity in trends of firearm-related fatality rates in the USA from 2000 to 2010
TLDR
Endemic national FRF rates were twice as high in African-Americans than Caucasians but decreased among Hispanics, and efforts to identify state-specific best practices can contribute to changes in nationalFRF rates that remain high. Expand
The Accessibility of Firearms and Risk for Suicide and Homicide Victimization Among Household Members
TLDR
This is the first systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the association between firearm accessibility and suicide or homicide victimization and specific characteristics about storage and types of firearms seem to increase suicide risk. Expand
Guns and states: Pediatric firearm injury
TLDR
Pediatric firearm injuries continue to be a significant source of morbidity, mortality, and economic burden and a significant increase in accidental firearm injuries in states with the SYG law may highlight inadvertent effects of the law. Expand
Firearms and violence: a critical review
The National Research Council, Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2005, $47.95, pp 328. ISBN 0309091241 ![Graphic][1] A committee of the National Research Council in the United States wasExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...