Firearm availability and homicide rates across 26 high-income countries.

  title={Firearm availability and homicide rates across 26 high-income countries.},
  author={David Hemenway and M. Miller},
  journal={The Journal of trauma},
  volume={49 6},
BACKGROUND Among developed nations, the United States has the highest rate of civilian gun ownership, and the highest homicide rate. We examine whether the United States is merely an exception, or if a relationship between gun availability and homicide exists across all developed nations. METHODS Homicide rates for the early 1990s come from 26 of 27 of the highly industrialized or high-income countries with greater than 1 million population as classified by the World Bank. Two common proxies… 

Firearm availability and female homicide victimization rates among 25 populous high-income countries.

Female homicide victimization rates were significantly associated with firearm availability largely because of the United States, which is an outlier among high-income countries where firearms are more available and more women are homicide victims.

The relationship between gun ownership and firearm homicide rates in the United States, 1981-2010.

A negative binomial regression analysis of panel data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Web-Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting Systems database on gun ownership and firearm homicide rates across all 50 states during 1981 to 2010 found that states with higher rates of gun ownership had disproportionately large numbers of deaths from firearm-related homicides.

Rates of household firearm ownership and homicide across US regions and states, 1988-1997.

It was found that in areas where household firearm ownership rates were higher, a disproportionately large number of people died from homicide.

The Impact of Firearm Levels on Homicide Rates: the Effects of Controlling for Cultural Differences in Cross-National Research

We analyze the largest set of nations ( n  = 55) with a valid measure of gun ownership levels ever used to test the effect of national gun levels on homicide rates. We control for measures of

Firearm Prevalence and Homicides of Law Enforcement Officers in the United States.

High public gun ownership is a risk for occupational mortality for LEOs in the United States and States could consider methods for reducing firearm ownership as a way to reduce occupational deaths of LEO’s.

Dependence of the Firearm-Related Homicide Rate on Gun Availability: A Mathematical Analysis

A first mathematical analysis of this tradeoff suggests that a ban of private firearm possession, or possibly a partial reduction in gun availability, might lower the rate of firearm-induced homicides.

Reassessing the Association between Gun Availability and Homicide at the Cross-National Level

This paper had two objectives. First, to examine the association between gun availability, gun homicide, and homicide in a manner that better accounts for potential simultaneity than previous

Does regulation matter? A cross‐national analysis of the impact of gun policies on homicide and suicide rates

In this contribution, we evaluate the effectiveness of firearm regulations in curbing the number of homicides and suicides committed both with and without firearms. We develop a gun control index



International correlations between gun ownership and rates of homicide and suicide.

  • M. Killias
  • Psychology
    CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne
  • 1993
The correlations detected in this study suggest that the presence of a gun in the home increases the likelihood of homicide or suicide.

Firearm-related deaths in the United States and 35 other high- and upper-middle-income countries.

Firearm death rates vary markedly throughout the industrialized world, and further research to identify risk factors associated with these variations may help improve prevention efforts.

Relationship between Firearm Availability and Primary and Secondary Murder

  • D. Lester
  • Psychology, Law
    Psychological reports
  • 1990
Association between availability of firearms and the rate of primary murder in the states of the USA in 1970 and the rates of primary and secondary murder calculated by Smith and Parker for the 48 continental states in 1973 is explored.

National Case-Control Study of Homicide Offending and Gun Ownership

Does gun ownership increase the likelihood that a person will commit a homicide? Findings from a recent case-control study (Kellermann et al. 1993) were interpreted as indicating that persons who

Gun ownership as a risk factor for homicide in the home.

Firearm availability and unintentional firearm deaths.

Firearm availability and the incidence of suicide and homicide.

  • D. Lester
  • Law, Psychology
    Acta psychiatrica Belgica
  • 1988
It was found that states with a greater availability of firearms had higher firearm suicide rates and higher firearm homicide rates.

Homicide -- United States.

  • P. Bartholow
  • Psychology
    MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
  • 1982
There was nearly six times as much homicidal crime reported last year as in 1885, an increase almost in arithmetical ratio.

The association between the purchase of a handgun and homicide or suicide.

Legal purchase of a handgun appears to be associated with a long-lasting increased risk of violent death.

The Technology of Personal Violence

  • P. Cook
  • Political Science
    Crime and Justice
  • 1991
Over 30,000 deaths each year result from gunshot wounds. Two decades of systematic research on weapons and personal violence indicate a pervasive influence of weapon type on the patterns and outcomes