Fire in the Earth System

  title={Fire in the Earth System},
  author={David M.J.S. Bowman and Jennifer K. Balch and Paulo Artaxo and William J. Bond and Jean M. Carlson and Mark A. Cochrane and Carla M. D’Antonio and Ruth S. DeFries and John C. Doyle and Sandy P. Harrison and Fay H. Johnston and Jon E. Keeley and Meg A. Krawchuk and Christian A. Kull and Jennifer Marston and Max A. Moritz and Iain Colin Prentice and Christopher I. Roos and Andrew C. Scott and Thomas W. Swetnam and Guido R. van der Werf and S. J. Pyne},
  pages={481 - 484}
Burn, Baby, Burn Wildfires can have dramatic and devastating effects on landscapes and human structures and are important agents in environmental transformation. Their impacts on nonanthropocentric aspects of the environment, such as ecosystems, biodiversity, carbon reserves, and climate, are often overlooked. Bowman et al. (p. 481) review what is known and what is needed to develop a holistic understanding of the role of fire in the Earth system, particularly in view of the pervasive impact of… 
Vegetation fires in the Anthropocene
Vegetation fires are an essential component of the Earth system but can also cause substantial economic losses, severe air pollution, human mortality and environmental damage. Contemporary fire
Fire and biodiversity in the Anthropocene
How changes in fire activity are threatening species with extinction across the globe are reviewed, forward-looking methods for predicting the combined effects of human drivers and fire on biodiversity are highlighted, and emerging actions and strategies that could revolutionize how society manages fire for biodiversity in the Anthropocene are foreshadowed.
Fire in the Air: Biomass Burning Impacts in a Changing Climate
Fire has a role in ecosystem services; naturally produced wildfires are important for the sustainability of many terrestrial biomes and fire is one of nature's primary carbon-cycling mechanisms.
Fire futures for a megadiverse continent.
Targeted ecosystem monitoring in the field and enhanced national fire regime mapping capacity are both critical to predicting and managing ecosystem changes resulting from climate change-induced changes to fire regimes.
Pyrogeography and the Global Quest for Sustainable Fire Management
Fire is an ancient influence on the Earth system, affecting biogeochemical cycles and ecosystems. Humans have had a profound influence on global fire activity through setting and controlling fires,
Past and Present Post-Fire Environments.
Fire Ecology
  • R. Keane
  • Environmental Science
    Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires
  • 2019
Wildland fire is perhaps the most influential disturbance over vast areas in the modern world (Bowman et al. 2009). Fire is both a natural and anthropogenic disturbance influencing the distribution,
Evolution of human-driven fire regimes in Africa
This model explores how changes in population density, the ability to create fire, and the expansion of agropastoralism altered the extent and seasonal distribution of fire as modern humans arose and spread through Africa and suggests the biomass burned today is less than in the recent past in subtropical countries.
The human dimension of fire regimes on Earth
An historical framework is provided to promote understanding of the development and diversification of fire regimes, covering the pre-human period, human domestication of fire, and the subsequent transition from subsistence agriculture to industrial economies.


Vulnerability of land systems to fire: Interactions among humans, climate, the atmosphere, and ecosystems
Fires are critical elements in the Earth System, linking climate, humans, and vegetation. With 200–500 Mha burnt annually, fire disturbs a greater area over a wider variety of biomes than any other
A Burning Story: The Role of Fire in the History of Life
Evidence from different disciplines demonstrating that wildfire appeared concomitant with the origin of terrestrial plants and played an important role throughout the history of life is reviewed.
Fire as an interactive component of dynamic vegetation models
[1] Fire affects ecosystems by altering both their structure and the cycling of carbon and nutrients. The emissions from fires represent an important biogeochemical pathway by which the biosphere
Implications of changing climate for global wildland fire
Wildland fire is a global phenomenon, and a result of interactions between climate–weather, fuels and people. Our climate is changing rapidly primarily through the release of greenhouse gases that
Projecting future fire activity in Amazonia
Fires are major disturbances for ecosystems in Amazonia. They affect vegetation succession, alter nutrients and carbon cycling, and modify the composition of the atmosphere. Fires in this region are
Climate change, human land use and future fires in the Amazon
There is increasing consensus that the global climate will continue to warm over the next century. The biodiversity‐rich Amazon forest is a region of growing concern because many global climate model
Global Pyrogeography: the Current and Future Distribution of Wildfire
A multivariate quantification of environmental drivers for the observed, current distribution of vegetation fires using statistical models of the relationship between fire activity and resources to burn, climate conditions, human influence, and lightning flash rates at a coarse spatiotemporal resolution is presented.
The role of historical fire disturbance in the carbon dynamics of the pan-boreal region: A process-based analysis
[1] Wildfire is a common occurrence in ecosystems of northern high latitudes, and changes in the fire regime of this region have consequences for carbon feedbacks to the climate system. To improve
Fire Management for Biodiversity in the European Boreal Forest
Past fire regimes may indicate under what conditions species have been able to exist in the past, but they do not provide clear and easy answers as to how the boreal landscape should be managed