Fire and flood management of coastal swamp enabled first rice paddy cultivation in east China

  title={Fire and flood management of coastal swamp enabled first rice paddy cultivation in east China},
  author={Yueguang Zong and Z. Chen and James B Innes and C. Chen and Z. Wang and H. Wang},
The adoption of cereal cultivation was one of the most important cultural processes in history, marking the transition from hunting and gathering by Mesolithic foragers to the food-producing economy of Neolithic farmers. In the Lower Yangtze region of China, a centre of rice domestication, the timing and system of initial rice cultivation remain unclear. Here we report detailed evidence from Kuahuqiao that reveals the precise cultural and environmental context of rice cultivation at this… 
Land-use change for rice and foxtail millet cultivation in the Chengtoushan site, central China, reconstructed from weed seed assemblages
Analysis of moat sediments from the Neolithic site of Chengtoushan, Hunan, China, suggests that foxtail millet cultivation was established with the expansion of dry farming in region of the site, while rice cultivation was continuously practiced on the alluvial plain surrounding the site.
Water management and labour in the origins and dispersal of Asian rice
The spread of rice, which has played an important role in models of Neolithic population dispersal in Southeast Asia, may have been triggered by the development of more intensive management systems and thus have required certain social changes towards hierarchical societies rather than just rice cultivation per se.
Typha as a wetland food resource: evidence from the Tianluoshan site, Lower Yangtze Region, China
Wetlands have been attractive environments for early communities worldwide. In China, wetlands offered natural ecological settings for the start of rice cultivation in the Lower Yangtze Region.
Water management and agricultural intensification of rice farming at the late-Neolithic site of Maoshan, Lower Yangtze River, China
Intensifying water management for rice farming and related land use involves increasing labour investment in transforming local landscapes. By applying geoarchaeological investigation at the
Dynamic Interaction Between Deforestation and Rice Cultivation During the Holocene in the Lower Yangtze River, China
Human activity has transformed the Earth’s landscapes pervasively for thousands of years, and the most important anthropogenic alteration was the clearing of forests and the establishment of
Response of rice cultivation to fluctuating sea level during the Mid-Holocene
Archaeological analysis of a section of ancient rice fields at Tianluoshan for diatoms, seeds and phytoliths has shown that the highest local sea level in eastern China during the Holocene appeared


Effects of seasonal flooding and grazing on the vegetation of former ricefields in the Rhône delta (Southern France)
The management of former ricefields led to the establishment and dominance of emergent species common to Mediterranean wetlands, and may be considered a restoration of seasonally flooded marshes as original functions existing before the land was put under cultivation are re-established.
Pollen and phytolith evidence for rice cultivation during the Neolithic at Longqiuzhuang, eastern Jianghuai, China
Phytolith and pollen analyses were carried out at the archaeological site at Longqiuzhuang in Gaoyou, Jiangsu, southern China. The results indicate that the key morphological phytolith types
Rice domestication and climatic change: phytolith evidence from East China
Fossil rice phytoliths have been identified from a lateglacial to Holocene sequence of epicontinental sediments in the East China Sea that were probably transported by the Yangtze River from its
Pollen Evidence of Changing Holocene Monsoon Climate in Sichuan Province, China
  • D. I. Jarvis
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Quaternary Research
  • 1993
Abstract Pollen evidence from Lake Shayema, Mianning County, was obtained to examine postglacial vegetation and climatic change in southwestern Sichuan, China. The sclerophyllous character of the
Study on the Remains of Ancient Rice from Kuahuqiao Site in Zhejiang Province
It could be assumed from the results that the lower reaches of the Yangtze River are the home of rice cultivation, and that the ancient rice excavated from Kuahuqiao site was an incompletely differentiated population.
Presumed domestication? Evidence for wild rice cultivation and domestication in the fifth millennium BC of the Lower Yangtze region
It is proposed that, at least for the Lower Yangtze region, the advent of rice domestication around 4000 BC was preceded by a phase of pre-domestication cultivation that began around 5000 BC, and the implications for sedentism and the spread of agriculture as a long term process are discussed.
Notes on new advancements and revelations in the agricultural archaeology of early rice domestication in the Dongting Lake region
The Liyang plain, located in the northwest of Hunan province, is part of the plain on the north of Dongting Lake. It is situated at longitude 111°22′30″E to 111°51′30″E, and latitude 29°35′31″N to
The origins of rice agriculture: recent progress in East Asia
Knowledge of rice domestication and its archaeological context has been increasing explosively of late. Nearly 20 years ago rice from the Hemudu and Luojiajiao sites (FIGURE 1) indicated that rice
The Middle Yangtze region in China is one place where rice was domesticated: phytolith evidence from the Diaotonghuan Cave, Northern Jiangxi
Rice, Oryza sativa L., is one of the most important cereal crops in the world, and its emergence as a domesticated subsistence plant drives much of the interest and research in archaeology in South